https://www.duolingo.com/proinsias123

attributive adjective

Can someone explain the attributive adjective, please? Like how and why the spelling changes, and whatever else. I looked on gnag, but didn't really understand, so it would help if you weren't too technical.

August 14, 2015

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/scilling

An adjective can be used either as an attribute or as a predicate. For example, in “There are the wet ducks”, “wet” is an attribute of a particular set of ducks, so it’s an attributive adjective. In “The ducks are wet”, “wet” is a predicate of “the ducks” — “wet” states something about the ducks rather than qualifies which ducks are being discussed — so it’s a predicative adjective.

In Irish, predicate adjectives are not declined, eclipsed, or lenited (excepting a few instances in which lenition is applied). Attributive adjectives can be declined, eclipsed, or lenited, depending upon the adjectives and the noun that they qualify. Thus, in Tá na lachain fhliucha, the attributive adjective fliuch is both lenited (because it qualifies a plural noun that ends with a slender consonant) and declined (because a nominative plural noun requires fliucha, the nominative plural form of fliuch); but in Tá na lachain fliuch, the predicative adjective fliuch remains undeclined and unmutated.

August 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/proinsias123

Thanks for replying. Do all adjectives add a to the end when declined?

August 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling

No — like nouns, there are different forms of declension for different adjectives, and their forms need to be learned.

August 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/proinsias123

I've seen a very helpful reference sheet that shows you how most nouns are put into the genitive by knowing the declension. Do you know if there's anything like that for attributive adjectives?

August 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling

There are adjectival declension tables starting here — I don’t know if that’s what you’d had in mind.

August 14, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/proinsias123

Yes, I think this is what I need. Thank you for helping.

August 15, 2015
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