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"Es ist ein Hund."

Translation:It is a dog.

January 1, 2013

19 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jahudam

Why isn't it "Er ist ein Hund"? (er for der Hund)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kyky

You can also say "It is a girl." instead of "She is a girl.". Consider the preceding question: "What is that?" Answer: "It is a dog/girl." (= "Es ist ein Hund/Mädchen."). Plural: "Es sind 10 Hunde/Mädchen."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nurdia

Why not Es ist einen Hund, the akkusative form for Der Hund?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kyky

In a predicative sentence (meaning A = B) you have both parts in nominative (in German).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nibiko

Do you only have to keep this in mind for "sein" or are there other verbs that you have to keep this in mind for too?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kyky

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copula_%28linguistics%29#Indo-European There are more verbs like that, for example "bleiben" - "remain"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/koiboyy

What is the pronunciation difference between "ist" and "isst"? Couldn't it be mistaken for "It eats a dog"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nibiko

There is no pronunciation difference, although in colloquial language, "ist" can be shortened to "is'". The context will tell, and in your example, it cannot be mistaken for "It eats a dog" because "dog" would be in the accusative case (direct object - one that directly receives the doing of the verb) and thus be "einen Hund" instead of "ein Hund".

You might be interested to find that there's a relevant wordplay on this: http://www.dict.cc/german-english/Man+ist+was+man+isst.html

Source: http://german.stackexchange.com/questions/4679/is-there-a-difference-in-pronunciation-between-ist-and-isst


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/koiboyy

Danke! It is sort of confusing, but I understand it now. :) These exercises are really making me get the hang of which is what now. haha


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kyky

By the way, only humans "essen", animals "fressen" (if "fressen2 is used for humans, it is very vulgar).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/koiboyy

Ah I see. I just wanted to ask, what is the 2 after fressen2 for? I mean I usually see numbers after a word in Mandarin because it is a tonal language but German isn't.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kyky

Sorry that is a typo. I meant do make a ". :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/hbirns8

Does anyone know the proper translation for 'this is'. I keep mixing up "Es ist" and translating it as "this is" instead of "it is".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nibiko

"dies ist", or "dieser ist" (this one is), but that's usually if you're stressing the opposition of this and that... usually "das (ist)" is used and it floats between this and that, but it carries more emphasis than "es", which is it.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/karaann1204

Is there another word for puppy in german?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nibiko

Yes, "das Hündchen" means "puppy". The "-chen" ending makes the word a diminutive.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kyky

I disagree. "Hündchen" is indeed a small dog but not necessarily a young one.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Silent-Learner

If the phrase was "ein Hund", would "ein" need a capital letter or do capital letters only aplly to nowns?

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