Norwegian vocabulary and adjectives: help
So,i've been studying norwegian for about a month and a half. I've been able to master a great percentage of it (proportionally to my level of course) since i started learning but lately, i have been struggling with the norwegian adjectives. First, it was hard for me to get a grip on the adjectives' rules but after a while, i got better at it (still need some practice though!). The other dificulty i'm facing is the fact that lots of words (in this case,adjectives) in the norwegian language are very look alike and it's hard to differentiate them. I'll give you some examples: ''veldig'' (very), ''viktig'' (important), ''vanlige'' (ordinary), ''vennlig'' (friendly), ''farlig'' (dangerous) and the list goes on with a few others. After a while, i did learned a few of them (by writting them down on a piece of paper because it gets easier to memorize things when you write them down) , but i still find it hard to memorize the others and i feel like this keeps me from leveling up because i don't feel like i'm ready to learn other skills. Any tips? Thank you for your attention and sorry for the long post!
I'd be happy to give you some pointers on a few words!
"veldig'' (very) - This word sounds very similar to its English translation! Just replace the "r" with an "ld" and you're basically there. Veldig, veldig viktig! Very, very important!
''viktig'' (important) - Related to the German "wichtig," which means the same. It sounds like it may be related to the word "weighty," or "carrying weight," which means "being important," of course. We discussed a weighty topic. We discussed an important topic. We discussed a viktig topic.
''vanlig'' (ordinary) - As a memory trick, think of the word "vain," which equates to that which is superficial and without any substance, in other words, "nothing special." "Vanlig" means just that. It may be related to the word "vulgar," which comes from a Latin word "vulgatus," meaning "common, usual, of the people."
"vennlig'' (friendly) - The word "venn" means, and is related to, "friend." Therefore, vennlig is just venn + lig, just like friendly is friend + ly! Think of a Venn diagram. Each of the circles in a Venn diagram is a friend in a friendship. Together, they are venner! Hope that isn't too cheesy.
''farlig" (dangerous) - "Fare" means "danger," as is related to the German words "gefährlich" and "Gefahr." Think of a mysterious figure far off in the distance late at night. You want to stay far away from it because it might be farlig.
Let me know what other words you'd like help with! This is fun for me.
From what i've learned, i can use both ''vil'' and ''skal'' for future tense, even though ''vil'' is mainly used to express ''want to'' and ''skal'' to express ''will''. It may be unusual to use but it isn't totally wrong i guess, at least from want i've been learning. But thanks for the tip! (I'm not german nor american, i'm ukrainian actually. But i do tend to speak american english.)
I also have trouble remembering certain adjectives, such as you described.
I also wonder if anyone has any ways of remembering them - any mnemonics, etc. you are aware of? However, this is how I'm remembering the following right now:
Veldig - "vel" means well (connection to very)
Vennlig - sounds like friendly
Farlig - makes me think of fear (dangerous things are fearsome)
Hello! As a native Norwegian, but living abroad more than 60 years, I often used the dictionary http://www.dict.cc/ and looked at the EN-NO. In your case I can also recommend the spanish Version, or in your "mothertongue" (which-one?). Then: I never used a "grammar", and translated according to my feelings! Mostly I was right! Good luck!
I actually didn't even took it that way! I interpreted it as an advice.Thank you so much for the compliment! I've been studying norwegian for 2 months roughly. The language is simply beautiful! Looking forward to get fluent at it. Tusen takk for dine order! Good luck with the ''fransk'' and ''tisk'' too!