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https://www.duolingo.com/JennWUK

"väldigt" and "mycket"

I wonder if someone could explain the difference between väldigt and mycket? I'm having really problems working out which to use (e.g. if I want to say someone is "very boring"). Thanks!

3 years ago

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/HelenCarlsson
HelenCarlsson
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What's confusing here is probably that both "very" and "much"/"a lot" can be "mycket" in Swedish:

Han är mycket lång - he is very tall
Han är mycket längre än sin pappa - he is much taller than his dad
Han arbetar mycket - He works a lot

In the first sentence, "mycket" can be replaced by "väldigt" (han är väldigt lång). In the second and the third sentences, it can't.

Now, theoretically, "very much" could be "mycket mycket" in Swedish :). That just sounds weird, so the first "mycket"( very) is replaced by a synonym, e.g. "väldigt". Hence, very much = väldigt mycket.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tjasonham
tjasonham
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I still don't quite understand the difference.

I'm okay with "much" and "a lot" always being mycket (and väldigt NEVER being used here), but can I always have the option of saying mycket when väldigt is appropriate, or are there cases where väldigt is the only natural option (aside from mycket mycket)?

Someone draw me a venn diagram :P

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/HelenCarlsson
HelenCarlsson
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Well, there is an adjective "väldig", that means huge/enormous, which takes the t-ending for ett-words. So you can say "ett väldigt djur" (a huge animal) for example and here "väldigt" cannot be replaced by "mycket" of course.

But for the adverb which means "very", "väldigt can always be replaced by "mycket".
ett väldigt stort djur = ett mycket stort djur = ett jättestort djur

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DogePamyuPamyu

Very vs much... Det är så mycket bättre, men det är väldigt bra.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JennWUK

Thank you! However I saw the sentence: "Hennes man är tjock men han är mycket trevlig." In English this would be "very pleasant" so I thought it should be "väldigt trevlig". Can you explain why it should be mycket instead here?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/annika_a
annika_a
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In your example, both mycket and väldigt are OK. (Funny example, by the way. :-) )

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JennWUK

Thank you very much for the clarification. And I agree - a strange example indeed. Came from a textbook so I think they were trying to crowbar in "words for describing people".

3 years ago