So in English, 'to turn on' is kind of like a separable verb. BUT, in English, both the version where the prefix stays with the verb and the version where the prefix goes to the end are acceptable:
- She turns on the lamp.
- She turns the lamp on.
They also don't have any difference in meaning (that I can tell)
Question: Is the same thing allowed in German? Are both of these correct, or is only #2 allowed:
- Sie anmacht die Lampe.
- Sie macht die Lampe an.
Only the second is correct. The prefix always go to the end [in simple sentences like this] when the verb is conjugated
To reiterate T-BoneCastle, only the 2nd option (Sie macht die Lampe an.) is correct.
This is a good illustration of the German 'Satzklammer' that's often seen in sentence structure with seperable prefix verbs, modal verbs, and present perfect usage, among other things. Google the Satzklammer! Understanding it will make learning German a little easier!
It might be just me, but I am pretty sure I had never heard the word -an- before, at least not in the context of turning on a switch or a machine. Only reason why I got this sentence right was because i typed exactly what I heard
Actually, the verb is "anmachen", which means "to turn on". This is a separable verb, which means you conjugate it like "Ich mache ... an", instead of "Ich anmache ...". More information: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/german/grammar/verbsseparablerev1.shtml
Think of Dativ as an "indirect object" and Akkusativ as "direct object".
Der Junge gibt dem Mann den Hund.
The boy (subject) is the one doing something.
"Giving" is what that something is.
The dog is the thing (d.o.) that the boy is giving.
The man is the thing (person) that the subject is giving the d.o. to. The man is the
indirect object: the target of the action involving the direct object.
Conjugation. If sie were "they", then it would be "Sie mach
en die Lampe an".
"She makes on the lamp" is wrong, Why??? It makes sense, just like in german.
That is simply not the way native English speakers describe providing power to a lamp such that the bulb lights up.
Duo told me i was wrong yet my answer was exactly the same as our feathered friend's! WTH?