Latin for Duolingo: Food, Lesson 4
More food vocabulary and sentences this week. Here are the links to resources you may need. I hope to have all of them updated within a short time of posting this lesson:
- Directory of Lessons
- Vocabulary List
- Memrise course
- Previous lesson: Food 3
1st declension: f.
caepa, ae = onion
caupona, ae = restaurant, inn, tavern (or the landlady who keeps it)
faba, ae = bean
olla, ae = pot, jar
patina, ae = a dish, serving dish (usually larger than a patella)
prima mensa = the main course of a Roman dinner
secunda mensa = dessert
tabula, ae = menu (also writing tablet, list, chart, placard, etc.)
2nd declension: m. ending in –us; n. ending in –um
frumentum, i = grain (used in the plural to mean “crops”)
garum, i = fish sauce (also known as liquamen, a popular condiment in ancient Rome)
pirum, i = pear
thermopolium, i = take-out restaurant, cafe, deli counter, fast food place
3rd declension, gender noted
gustatio, gustationis (f.) = appetizer
nux, nucis (f.) = nut
piper, piperis (n.) = pepper (black pepper)
ferveo, fervere, ferbui (2) (intransitive) = to boil
Patina ovorum est gustatio. = A dish of eggs is the appetizer.
Fabae sunt in ollā. = Beans are in the pot.
Frumentum coquo. = I cook grain.
Frumenta in agris sunt. = The crops are in the fields.
Parvi pueri nuces non edunt. = The little boys do not eat nuts.
Secunda mensa est patina pirorum cum melle. = Dessert is a dish of pears with honey.
Garum est salsum. = Fish sauce is salty.
Est piper in secundā mensā. = There is pepper in the dessert.
Homines in thermopolio edunt. = Men are eating in the cafe.
Thermopolium tabulam habet. = The cafe has a menu.
In tabulā sunt jus, panis, cafea et thea. = On the menu are soup, bread, coffee and tea.
Caupona bona est in urbe. = A good restaurant is in the city.
Marcus fabas cum caepis et pipere coquit. = Marcus cooks beans with onions and pepper.
Olla fervet. = The pot is boiling.
You may also enjoy reading more about Roman cuisine. It is a fascinating subject. I also really enjoy the food blog Pass the Garum, which offers a modern cook’s take on how to cook in the Roman way. I suspect there will be a “Food 2” skill at some point in the future. But for now, I plan on moving on to animals next week. Thank you for following along and, as always, feel free to leave feedback or comments below. Bonam fortunam!