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Latin for Duolingo: Food, Lesson 4

Salvete omnes!

More food vocabulary and sentences this week. Here are the links to resources you may need. I hope to have all of them updated within a short time of posting this lesson:
- Directory of Lessons
- Vocabulary List
- Memrise course
- Previous lesson: Food 3

New Vocabulary

1st declension: f.
caepa, ae = onion
caupona, ae = restaurant, inn, tavern (or the landlady who keeps it)
faba, ae = bean
olla, ae = pot, jar
patina, ae = a dish, serving dish (usually larger than a patella)
prima mensa = the main course of a Roman dinner
secunda mensa = dessert
tabula, ae = menu (also writing tablet, list, chart, placard, etc.)

2nd declension: m. ending in –us; n. ending in –um
frumentum, i = grain (used in the plural to mean “crops”)
garum, i = fish sauce (also known as liquamen, a popular condiment in ancient Rome)
pirum, i = pear
thermopolium, i = take-out restaurant, cafe, deli counter, fast food place

3rd declension, gender noted
gustatio, gustationis (f.) = appetizer
nux, nucis (f.) = nut
piper, piperis (n.) = pepper (black pepper)

ferveo, fervere, ferbui (2) (intransitive) = to boil

New Sentences

Patina ovorum est gustatio. = A dish of eggs is the appetizer.
Fabae sunt in ollā. = Beans are in the pot.
Frumentum coquo. = I cook grain.
Frumenta in agris sunt. = The crops are in the fields.
Parvi pueri nuces non edunt. = The little boys do not eat nuts.
Secunda mensa est patina pirorum cum melle. = Dessert is a dish of pears with honey.
Garum est salsum. = Fish sauce is salty.
Est piper in secundā mensā. = There is pepper in the dessert.
Homines in thermopolio edunt. = Men are eating in the cafe.
Thermopolium tabulam habet. = The cafe has a menu.
In tabulā sunt jus, panis, cafea et thea. = On the menu are soup, bread, coffee and tea.
Caupona bona est in urbe. = A good restaurant is in the city.
Marcus fabas cum caepis et pipere coquit. = Marcus cooks beans with onions and pepper.
Olla fervet. = The pot is boiling.

You may also enjoy reading more about Roman cuisine. It is a fascinating subject. I also really enjoy the food blog Pass the Garum, which offers a modern cook’s take on how to cook in the Roman way. I suspect there will be a “Food 2” skill at some point in the future. But for now, I plan on moving on to animals next week. Thank you for following along and, as always, feel free to leave feedback or comments below. Bonam fortunam!

August 26, 2015



You're great! How did you learn Latin by internet?


Thanks, but I learned Latin the old-fashioned way, long before the internet. The internet is a great resource now though! Glad you are enjoying the course.


Thanks for yet another installment! My dictionaries claim "piper" is neuter, not masculine. Typo?


Sure enough... thanks for spotting that! I'll fix it.


Line break missing in:

caupona, ae = restaurant, inn, tavern (or the landlady who keeps it) faba, ae = bean


And for a really trivial typo, all the equals have spaces after them except the one in the "ferveo" line (last vocab word).

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