Croatian Language. Lesson 1.
Good afternoon - Dobar dan
Hello - Bok
How are you? - Kako ste? (formal)
How are you? - Kako si?
Fine, thank you. - Dobro sam, hvala.
What is your name? - Kako se zovete? (formal)
What is your name? - Kako se zoveš? (informal)
My name is __ - Ja sam ____.
Nice to meet you. - Drago mi je.
Please - Molim
Thank you - Hvala lijepa.
You're welcome. - Nema na čemu.
Yes. - Da
No - Ne
Excuse me. (getting attention) - Oprostite
Excuse me. (begging pardon) - Pardon.
I'm sorry. - Oprostite.
I'm sorry. ("expressing condolence") - Žao mi je.
Goodbye - Do viđenja
I can't speak Croatian [well]. - Ne govorim (dobro) hrvatski.
Do you speak English? - Govorite li engleski? (formal)
Do you speak English? - Govoriš li engleski? (informal)
Good morning. - Dobro jutro.
Good evening. - Dobra večer
Good night. - Laku noć<h1>Croatian Alphabet</h1>
The Croatian language employs the Latin (or Roman) alphabet. However, certain letters are modified or added for the Croatian language’s specific phonetic system. The Croatian alphabet contains a total of 30 letters, all of which are listed below.
#A Few Words About Croatian Pronunciation
Croatian words are pronounced exactly how they are spelt. This may not be such great advice to
those who are having trouble reading Croatian but it is just a reminder that all letters and syllables in
words are pronounced and there are no silent letters (unlike in English!). As a general rule of thumb, Croatian vowels are short. There is no q, w, x or y in the Croatian alphabet.
C - like ts in lets
č (hard) - like ch in church
ć (soft) - like ch in cheese
Dž - similar to J in June
Đ - like j in joke
G - like g in goal
H - like h in ham
J - like y in yard
Lj - like l in lure
Nj - like the Spanish ñ
R - trilled
Š - like sh in sheep
Ž - like s in measure
A - like a in sofa
E - like e in met
I - like ee in feet
O - like o in dog
U - like oo in boot<h1>TO BE</h1>
To be - biti
I am - Ja sam
You are - Ti si
He/She is - On/Ona je
We are - Mi smo
They are - Oni su
Ja nisam - I am not
Ti Nisi - You are not
On / Ona Nije - He / She no
Mi Nismo - We are not
Oni Nisu - They are not<h1>Exercises</h1>
Pronounce: čovjek (man), žena (woman), dječak (boy), djevojka (girl), jabuka (apple), kruh
(bread), voda (water), mlijeko (milk).
Translate into Croatian:
The weather is good ( the weather - vrijeme, good - dobro )
The boy is young (the boy - Dječak, young - mlad )
The girl is beautiful ( the girl - djevojka, beautiful - lijepa)
The woman is smart ( the woman - žena, smart - pametna)
We are friends ( friends - prijatelji )
They are old ( old - stari )
I am glad ( glad - radostan )
That is end of the first lesson. I want to apologize for bad design. Hope this lesson will be useful.