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https://www.duolingo.com/Clyde1992

Does Swedish have Contractions? Is there a list?

Hello, again, everyone,

I have finished about half of the Duolingo Swedish skill tree, but I have not come across anything related to contractions. Do they exist in Swedish or other Northern Germanic languages? If they do, how do they work?

I ask, because I have been trying to do some reading outside of the course. Sometimes, I come across a word such as "nå'n," which looks like a contraction, especially with the apostrophe in it. This is the only example that I can think of, at the moment.

Any explanation would be helpful. Good luck, and thank you in advance. :)

3 years ago

13 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Arnauti
Arnauti
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Some people use forms like sta'n, nå'n, etc, but this is not recommended. If you choose to use the shorter forms, they are accepted enough for you to write stan, nån etc in the first place, so the apostrophe is just unnecessary. We're not going to add these forms, but if you use them you'll probably just get a typo message.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Joel__W
Joel__W
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I agree about the apostrophe. It certainly gives off the vibe that you are 40+ - no one my age I know would do it.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Arnauti
Arnauti
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That's great, let's hope it becomes extinct. I personally don't like it at all, I hadn't thought of the age thing (I think you're right about that though) but to me it feels like those unnecessary genitive apostrophes you see sometimes, like Ulla's Hårsalong. Slightly jarring tbh (to me).

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Joel__W
Joel__W
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Ugh, I abhor genitive apostrophes in Swedish. That is unfortunately not dying out anytime soon, I'm afraid. I also really don't like them in otherwise unmarked genitives for nouns ending in -s, like writing Max' bil for example. And when people use them instead of acute accents...

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/chirelchirel
chirelchirel
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Just imagine seeing them in Finnish, where the genitive ending doesn't even end with -s.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Arnauti
Arnauti
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I feel ya.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Joel__W
Joel__W
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I wrote this post about colloquial Swedish that includes a few contractions: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/9888787. Hopefully that is of some help :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Super-Svensk
Super-Svensk
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Nå'n is actually just an abbreviation for någon.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MarkBorkBorkBork

Wiktionary has a list of 30. I've also seen a lot of words shortened with : to replace inner letters.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lundgren8
Lundgren8
Mod
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That only goes for a very few words and it’s usually on road signs: g:a (gamla), k:a (kyrka) but also c:a (cirka).

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Joel__W
Joel__W
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Yeah, I've never seen that except on road signs, and it's only for abbreviations in writing Never in representing contractions from spoken language in text (e.g. you would never see så:n for sådan).

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/airelibre
airelibre
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I don't know about in writing, but I've heard inte contracted to just 'nt' in speaking, so är inte can sound pretty much like English aren't.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Clyde1992

Thank you, everyone. I will peruse the links that you have given me. They should be a big help.

3 years ago