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https://www.duolingo.com/zcggcz2

Algo vs. Alguno Nada vs. Ningun

Would anyone be willing to explain the following concepts to me?

Algún vs. Alguien vs. Algo vs. Alguno/a, Algunos/as

Nada vs. Nadie vs. Ningun vs. Ninguna

Muchas gracias!

3 years ago

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/ElimGarak

The general rule in Spanish is that number and gender must agree - same goes for adjectives: http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/adj1.htm
Some adjectives have a short form when used before a noun and long form when used after it: http://spanish.about.com/od/adjectives/a/apocopation.htm

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ElimGarak

Algo - pronoun meaning "something", or adverb meaning "a little bit"
Algún - short form of Alguno, used before masculine singular nouns, adjective meaning "one , some"
Alguno - adjective, used with masculine singular nouns, meaning "some, someone, any"
Algunos - adjective, used with masculine plural nouns, meaning "some, someone, any"
Alguna - adjective, used with feminine singular nouns, meaning "some, someone, any"
Algunas - adjective, used with feminine plural nouns, meaning "some, someone, any"

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/antspants01
antspants01Plus
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Muchas gracias, señor! I need this.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ElimGarak

De nada!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Daniel996280

I wouldn't trust Garak. Rumor has it, he's a Cardassian spy.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/zcggcz2

Muchas gracias! To clarify, the only time I would use the shortened forms - algún or ningún - would be BEFORE a masculine singular noun? Therefore alguno/a, ninguno/a would only be after the noun? Or are there exceptions?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ElimGarak

It seems quite correct that the short form is before masculine singular nouns in the case of algún or ningún. the usual form is retained when the words are followed by feminine and/or plural nouns, for example: "algún libro - algunos libros " (some book - some books) In Spanish, the tendency is to say the thing (noun) and then describe it (adjective) but the use of alguno and ninguno isn't something I'm terribly versed in - thankfully my favorite site can help you there: http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/neg.htm
It looks to me like: algún libro azul - algunos libros azules is quite correct gramatically.
Here's some more pages on it - they can answer you more fully than I can:
http://www.spanishdict.com/topics/show/22
http://users.ipfw.edu/jehle/courses/ADJECT.HTM

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ElimGarak

Nada - pronoun meaning "nothing, anything"
Nadie - pronoun meaning "no one, nobody" or "anybody, anyone" in a negative sense.
Ningún - short form of Ninungo, used before masculine nouns, meaning "none"
Ninguno - adjective, used with masculine singular nouns, meaning "none"
Ningunos - adjective, used with masculine plural nouns, meaning "none"
Ninguna - adjective, used with feminine singular nouns, meaning "none"
Ningunas - adjective, used with feminine plural nouns, meaning "none"

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Kathryn505734

Gracias

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ElimGarak

De nada!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/antspants01
antspants01Plus
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Following this to come back to when I need it :)

3 years ago