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  5. "Ties motorciklo turnis sin f…

"Ties motorciklo turnis sin flanken."

Translation:That one's motorcycle turned to the side.

August 27, 2015



sin refers back to the subject of the sentence, which is motorciklo, not the referent of ties, ĉu ne? So sin unambiguously translates as it in English. The motorcycle turned to the side, not the rider.

However, I am not sure what turned to the side is supposed to mean. Turned to the right? Turned to the left? Pulled to the side of the road? Fell on its side? It feels like either the verb or preposition is wrong in English, even if the Esperanto actually makes sense.


I think the phrase means, the motorbike just fell over (turned over) - "sin" is 'itself' (the bike), but the reflexive pronoun is not needed in most translations (the literal translation '... turned itself to the side' is accepted as correct, though)


shouldn't "their" work? (i just recently learned this is not accepted everywhere(singular they) and differs between generations, but it sounds perfectly fine to me)


Indeed! I always naturally put ‘their’ here for ‘singular they’, which is in the Oxford dictionary now, so it should be accepted! I just report it at each sentence.


Does this mean the motorcycle flipped over, or that it simply went aside?


Duolingo is pretty much asking for the most literal translation possible and not one that sounds like normal speech. Could be polished up some more on this one for the acceptable English versions.


I really struggle with what they are trying to convey with the Esperanto version of this sentence.

According to the Lernu dictionary: turni - to turn, to turn around (turni sin)

So did their motorcycle turn around? What does flanke add to the meaning? Is there another way to turn around? Doesn't turning already indicate to the side?


There are some clearer definitions in PIV. One in particular applies here: ‘Alpreni novan direkton’. Example sentences include: “tie la karavano turnis sin al la sudo”, “(…) ĉu la ventoflago sin turnas”. So the motorcycles simply changes direction; it turns. The flanken-part indicates where it turns to. In this case sideways, to the side. As you notice in the example sentences, the turning part need not be to the side, but can be any other direction than the current one.

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