"La verkisto priskribis la urbon en sia libro."

Translation:The author described the city in his book.

August 30, 2015

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Priskribi: pri (about) + skribi (to write) = to write about (describe). Correct?


Certainly, you are!

That's why I love Esperanto =)


So, not to be confused with "prescribe", which is more or less the opposite of "describe".


the opposite of describe should be to scribe


Why is "verkisto" and not "aŭtoro" being used?


Verkisto is a profession. Aŭtoro is a fact. This writer is the author of that book. Tiu ĉi verkisto estas la aŭtoro de tiu libro.


Ĉu ĉi tio nur rilatas al maskla verkisto? Ĉu ĝi estus "verkistino" se ni parolus pri ino?


Occupational titles are generally presumed to be Male in Duolingo. In the "Occupations" lesson, Duolingo says this:


As mentioned in the Family lesson notes, nouns not relating to family have no base gender:

amiko : a male or female friend dentisto : a male or female dentist

In these cases, you may choose to explicitly make a noun feminine by adding -in: amikino = a female friend dentistino = a female dentist

Choosing to do this is more common in Europe than in the US, probably due to differences between English and various European languages. In this course, we will not routinely present the feminine form of professions. However your responses using the feminine form when appropriate will be accepted as correct."


Occupational titles are generally presumed to be Male in Duolingo.

Actually, Duolingo treats occupational titles as epicene; that is, there is no gender associated with the title.

Well...for the most part; there are some exercises where they use "X-o kaj X-ino" to show both male and female X-ers. (Which is wrong, in my opinion.)

Verkisto—author. Can be female, can be male; both he and she should be accepted for the sia in this sentence.
Verkistino—author who is explicitly female.
Virverkisto/verkistiĉo—author who is explicitly male. Using vir- as a prefix is uglier, but more accepted. Using -iĉ- as a mirror suffix is more pleasing to me, but isn't as popular because that would be admitting that Esperanto isn't perfect.

Gender-based modifiers for occupational titles should be rarely used in the modern world, since for most occupations there is nothing about one's gender that would make it necessary to have a distinction.


Priskribi looks like it comes from pri + skribi.

Can I just check that it means "describe" in general i.e. if someone talks about a place to another person verbally, one would still say "li priskribas la lokon"?


Priskribi looks like it comes from pri + skribi.

That's because it does. It literally means "write about".

Edit: Whoever voted down my reply, could you tell me where "priskribi" comes from, if not from pri+skribi ? Hint: my reply is correct.


Geverkisto, perhaps?


'ge' means 'of both sexes'. So no. Verkisto is gender neutral. To specify sex, you could ad 'vir' or 'in'.


If "vir" specifies a male, and "in" a female; a "virino" is a woman but at the same time a man? It doesn't sound right


The "in" suffix means "female" when applied to a neuter noun. When applied to masculine nouns, it means "the féminine counterpart" ("patrino" is "mother", not "female father").

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