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  5. "Ben ona bir kitap okurum."

"Ben ona bir kitap okurum."

Translation:I read him a book.

August 30, 2015



Why is "I read to him a book" wrong?


It is just an impossible word order in English. You can say "I read a book to him" or "I read him a book."

"I read to him a book" is just wrong for some unbeknownst reason :)


I read a book to him? What's wrong with this? (I'm British)


Can this be I am reading him a book. I read him a book would be past tense?


"I am reading him a book" = "(Ben) ona bir kitap okuyorum". "I read him a book" = "Ona bir kitap okudum".


Lucky for you, we already accept the present simple and past tense versions of this sentence. :) The present continuous is formed differently in Turkish. This is present simple.


"I read him a book" (pronounced "reed", not "red") could also be simple present, e.g. "Whenever he is sick, I read him a book".


Why not " I read s book for him"


Why "her" instead of him is wrong?


It's not... "I read her a book." is also accepted. :-)


Is there any way to differentiate between read "him" or "her" ?


No. It's not an important distinction in Turkish.

A bit like how English can't distinguish between ils and elles - they are both "they", whether you are speaking about two men or two women or a man plus a woman.

Turkish just extends this to the singular :)


I read a book for him?


Ben onlara iyi bir kitap okurum = I read them a good book, evet?


Why are we now adding the "a" at the end of "on" or "sen"?


This is the dative case. In short, they mean "to him/her" (ona), "to you" (sana/size), "to me" (bana), etc., but is worth reading the Tips and Notes on the web version. :-)


I am a bit confused. In some cases we use, "gazeteyi", in others just "kitap" not "kiyabi". What is the rule for it? When and what? Thank you in advance.


This extra ending is called the "accusative case". We will use this for specific direct objects.

If we were reading a specific book (THE book, MY book, THIS book, etc.) we would use accusative ("kitabı"). However, in this sentence, we are reading an unspecific book (A book), so the word stays in nominative case: kitap.

Also keep in mind that this is only for direct objects... so if the book is the subject of the sentence, we don't need accusative, even if it is specific. Ex. Kitap mavi. = The book is blue.


What does dat. pro. stands for?


Dative pronoun? O = he, she, it (nominative pronoun, used for the subject) ona = to him, to her, to it (dative pronoun, used for the indirect object, and in Turkish, to indicate "motion towards")


Hello everyone, won't the app give a detailed explanation on the accusative case?


I highly recommend ignoring the app and only using the website, https://www.duolingo.com/ .

That will get you access to the tips and notes for the lessons and also access to the discussion forums https://forum.duolingo.com/topic/912 .

There's a very useful post pinned there which links to various other posts on various points of grammar: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/7738932 "Turkish Grammar Portal [Under Construction]".

One of the posts it links to is https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/7738396 "[Grammar] Accusative Case".

Toss the mobile app. Embrace the website.

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