I agree with 'ein' (not 'eine' though, as it's for female nouns). This is my logic: 'Apfel' is male, so it's 'der Apfel'. Since 'ein' is also for male (complementary to 'der') nouns it should be 'ein Apfel'. But it's wrong in this case :(
In nominative case, you say der Apfel or ein Apfel as it is a masculine noun. For example: Der Apfel ist gut / Ein Apfel ist gut. But if you use accusative case, the article is adapted: Ich esse DEN guten Apfel / EINEN guten Apfel.
Is every word before the accusative "apfel" need to write a -en?like den and guten?
Adjectives also have to agree with nouns for number (singular or plural), gender (masculine, feminine or neuter), case (nominative, accusative, dative or genitive) and even change endings if the noun is preceded by a definite article (weak declension since the definite article does all the work) an indefinite article or possessive pronoun (mixed declension) or no article (strong declension in which the adjective is declined as if it were the definite article). Worse, adjectives also have comparative and superlative forms!
"Einen" just means "an", so because Apfel starts with a vowel, like in English, instead of "a", you say "an".
What's about 'das Mädchen', the girl is female, why we don't say 'die mädchen'?
"Mädchen" is a perfect example to show that (grammatical) gender is arbitrary. It does not necessarily comply with the biologic gender.
"die Mädchen" does exist, but it is the plural form "the girls". The girl is female, but the word "Mädchen" has the grammatical gender of neuter and must take "das" in the singular. http://german.about.com/library/weekly/aa042098.htm
Ein is a but we dont say a apple do we? We say an apple therefore we use an in german aswell, which happens to be einin! Thats why
We use "an" apple because the word apple starts with a vowel, not because it is receiving the action. A good example of this would be in the following sentences: A lofty man. An arrogant man.
Ein is used for male articles. Eine for female. Einen means an. Just like english, a apple doesnt make as much sense as an apple.
Sorry, but this is incorrect.
German does not have the "a/an" rule like English, where you use "a" for words that begin with a consonant sound, and "an" for words that begin with a vowel sound. You can say ein Apfel or ein Rock in German, even though you'd have to say "an apple" or "a skirt" in English.
Ein turns into einen for masculine nouns in accusative case. Read Duolingo's lesson tips (scroll down) and the other comments which explain this well.
its confusing cause i'm trying to learn and the grammar is bad in German when i translate.
It's okay, Vulcan. I am having a hard time with the grammar, too. My plan is to just keep chipping away at it until it sticks :)
The thing to remember is that any verb in german includes 'am/are', so Ich esse means I [am] eating. adjectives don't though, so you need to say Ich bin gut, for I am good.
I'd rather say: there is no present progressive in German, so "I eat an apple" and "I am eating an apple" would both translate to "Ich esse einen Apfel". The statement "any verb in german includes 'am/are" is not really true!
@biertopf can you please give an example where "any verb in german includes 'am/are" is not true?
As I said before: There is no present progressive in German. Thus the statement any verb in german includes 'am/are is actually wrong (in my opinion) or at least irrelevant. You are thinking too much in terms of the English language.
That means: If you say "Ich esse" it can mean both "I eat" and "I am eating". "Bin" can't be used in German.
So if i say ich esse it will be automatically translate to i am eating in english ? Bin is not needed anymore in german? Ich esse einen Apfel also means i [am] eating an apple?
In general all the three persons oft the singular habe different forms of conjugation. You have to get used to it ;-)
For the plural forms it is easier: first and third Person are always like the infintive form, except the verb "sein". And the second person in plural is often similar to the third person singular.
In the case oft the verb " essen" it is a bit special, the second and third person singular are similar.
ich esse, du isst, er isst, wir essen, ihr esst, sie essen.
Please read the other comments, it has been explained several times. Or use Ctrl + F on this forum page and search for conjugation.
So let's see if I'm starting to grasp things. Would "the dog is eating an apple" be "der Hund essen einen Apfel?"
Almost - you have to use "essen" in the correct - i.e. 3rd person sing. - conjugation: Der Hund isst einen Apfel.
It's the wrong conjugation. Same reason why you can't say "I eats" or "he eat". For "ich" the correct conjugation is "esse". "Isst" is for "er/sie/es" (he/she/it) or "du" (you).
What the heck does "You used the definite "the" here, instead of the indefinite "one". " mean?
That's the difference between:
I eat the apple (this sentence has the definite article "the"). In German - Ich esse den Apfel
I eat an apple (this sentence has the indefinite article "a/an"). In German - Ich esse einen Apfel
In the first sentence you are referring to a specific apple ("the apple") that's why "the" is known as the definite article. Hope that helps.
Both mean "an apple", but "Ein Apfel" is in the Nominative case so it can be used as the subject of a sentence : "Ein Apfel ist gut." or as the Predicate Nominative which refers back to the subject after the verb "to be" or "to become": "Das ist ein Apfel." (Das = ein Apfel) and "Einen Apfel" is in the Accusative case which can be used for the Direct Object of the verb (that which is acted upon by the verb) "Ich esse einen Apfel." Also, some German prepositions require the object of the preposition to be in Accusative case. (We will have to memorize those prepositions.)
http://german.about.com/library/blcase_sum.htm Case http://german.about.com/library/blcase_nom.htm (Nominative case) http://german.about.com/library/blcase_acc.htm (Accusative case) http://german.about.com/library/blcase_acc2.htm (Prepositions for Accusative)
Of course it is wrong.
i eat = ich esse (present tense or Präsens)
i ate = ich aß (past tense or Präteritum)
i eat an apple doesn't make sense in english... i was surprise duolingo said its correct... it's either i eat apple, i am eating an apple
It's perfectly fine. For example: "Every morning I eat an apple for breakfast".
You need to use "I'm" or "I am", but yes, that is otherwise correct. Generally when using Duolingo, you will have fewer rejected answers if you don't use contractions (like "I'm", "don't", "would've", "can't", "she's", "They'll", etc.).
I finnaly figured this out. so "esse" is just for you and "ist" is for plural. YESSS!! XD
Not quite, but you're getting the right idea that one verb has different forms depending on if it matches with "you" or "I" or "he" or "they", etc. These forms are called conjugations, and they are formed by conjugating the verb (choosing the right ending to put on it).
Ich esse = "I eat"
Er isst = "He eats"
Note that English also conjugates the verb (compare eat with eats), although where English recycles the same form in multiple situations (also "they eat"), German has more versions (sie essen).
Duolingo's lesson tips show the conjugation of essen if you scroll down. You can also look up the full conjugation of any verb on Verbix or Canoo.net. Those sites have a lot of extra information you don't need yet, so just focus on the 'Present Indicative' section.
They are different forms of the same verb, called conjugations. Read the lesson tips when using Duolingo in a web browser, and read the other comments which explain this.
These are different conjugations of the verb "essen" (to eat):
- du isst: you eat
- er/sie/es isst: he/she/it eats
- wir essen: we eat
- sie/Sie essen: they/you [formal] eat
NB: verbs are written in lowecase. Das Essen (uppercase E), however, means "the food".
Just have a look at this page:
If you scroll down on that page you will find the conjugation of the verb "essen", which should answer your question. And if you have a mix-up with "isst" and "ist" you will also find the conjugation of the verb "sein".
the accusative reminds me of the accusative in Esperanto! does it work the same way or is it slightly different?
Yes, that is right. But in Esperanto every noun is marked consequently in the case of accusative, an -n as far as i remember. Same in Hungarian with a -t there :-) In German only the male nouns get an accusative form of the article and in a few cases a suffix.
Is this (my first attempt at my own German sentence) correct? Er ist eine gute Apfel. The online translations say things like: Er ist ein guter Apfel. This is confusing me.
I have a question when you go to germany or talk how will the german or who are talking in german are going to get what im saying for example [Er ist]=means he is eating How are they going to know what im saying really saying because they can thi k that i said he is
Pls help Danke. :)
Context. If you're talking about someone's profession for instance, and the answer is Er ist Richter, you know the meaning is he is a judge, not he's eating a judge.
FYi He's eating is Er isst, not ist.
Please ask this again and use some of these . , ? so that we can understand what you want.
I ate an apple [...] why eat:
The German "ich esse" is present tense, so the English translation must be present as well, therefore it's "I eat", not "I ate" (which would be "ich aß" in German).
or a apple
"a apple" is wrong in English, it must be "an apple". "an" is used instead of "a", when the following word begins with a vowel sound (as apple does)
why not ich bin esse einen Apfel
You try to form a progressive present in German, which does not exist. There are no progressive tenses in German. Both "I am eating" and "I eat" translate to "ich esse".
By the way, the first two questions have already been answered - so next time please first read the other comments.
Ok someone needs to explain this stuff to me in ways I can understand. Everytime I hear the word noun,verb or adverb it takes me like an entire minute to figure out what that even means. What is an adverb anyways?
You could read - e.g. on wikipedia - what these are. Then the explanations here will be easier to understand for you.
No, the first "e" is pronounced short, so it must be written with "ss", not with "ß".
The answer is weird, I wrote I'm eating a apple, and the solution was I'm eating 1 apple... Did I get it wrong?
Yes, "a apple" is wrong in English -- "apple" starts with a vowel sound, so we say "an apple".
Can any one tell me difference between essen,esse, isst? Thanks in advance...
How do you say you have eaten an apple ? Is that were gegesst comes how does it work im confused?
What is the different? between , Ich esse einen Appfel. and Ich esse den Appfel. ?
Basically the same as between "I am eating an apple" and "I am eating the apple".
(By the way, it's spelled Apfel in German, with pf rather than ppf.)
Ich esse den Apfel. = I am eating the apple. (accusative, definite)
Ich esse einen Apfel. = I am eating an apple. (accusative, indefinite)
Both are accusative and both are correct sentences that mean different things.
so why is it sometimes "ein apfel" and "einen apfel" at others? What's the difference? How can I know?
ein Apfel is the nominative case, einen Apfel the accusative case.
The subject of a verb is in the nominative case -- so you would use ein Apfel when the apple is the one doing or being something.
The direct object of a verb is in the accusative case -- so you would use einen Apfel when the apple is having something done to it.
For example: Ein Apfel liegt auf dem Tisch. Ich sehe einen Apfel auf dem Tisch. "An apple lies on the table. I see an apple on the table."
In the first sentence, the apple is the one that is doing the lying on the table; in the second one, the apple is the one that gets seen by me.
The accusative case is also used after certain prepositions.
Shouldn't it be "ein Apfel"? After all it's "Der Apfel"! Neuter Noun, right?
Hi! "Der" is masculine noun, therefore it declines to akkusativ in this case, that's why the "n" is there. Den Apfel, einen Apfel.
Can you give me an idea of the flow chart here? Do you determine the gender of the noun first, and then if some criterion is met, then you assess the case (which I'm still not clear what these are), and then you determine the article from there? Please assume I'm a grammar moron who can't tell first person singular from a hole in the wall (because, you know, I am).
Look at which case the sentence falls under, and then make a modification to the (definite/indefinite) article if required.
There are four cases: nominative, accusative, dative and genitive.
In this case it is accusative case as you (the subject) acts upon the apple, and since the gender of the noun, apple, is masculine, then you need to use einen instead of ein.
For more information: http://german.about.com/library/blcase_acc.htm
So when ein apple was acted by verb der apfel being den apfel and ein apfel being einen apfel..?
Why don't you read the tips and notes? The first one for "Basics 1" explains, that in German all the nouns are capitalized.
I did read the tips and notes. I'm allowed to forget things I only read once, all right? Thanks for the condescending help.
I have a small issue with the English sentence here. Who says "I eat an apple"? One says "I am eating an apple".
What do you do every morning? I eat an apple.
Was machst du jeden Morgen? Ich essen einen Apfel.
Really tough guys. Grammar is confusing .. oh god...someone teach me like a kid please
@biertopf why is it that Bin "can't" be use then? I know the sebtence xan translate to either I eat/I am eating but couldn't Bin be included to clarify if someone wanted??
No, it can't, it would grammatically be wrong in German., as there are no continuous tenses in German. If you need to express that something is happening at the moment (where you'd use the present continuous in English), you can add the word "gerade" (at the moment) in German: Ich esse gerade einen Apfel.
No reason. Nobody decided to sit down and decide which words use which genders - it's just how the language developed naturally over time. We just have to memorise it, unfortunately.
Why are nouns in German capitalized. I know in Basics 1 in said that they were, but I don't know why. Some one help me bitte!
I think it helps for some words like "essen" which is the verb "to eat" and also the form used for present tense "eat" for we, they and formal you, while Essen is the noun "Food". It is nice to easily tell which words are nouns. Why do other languages not capitalize nouns?