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https://www.duolingo.com/PatrickOsa

Esperanto Participles

PatrickOsa
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So prior to the Esperanto course release, I studies Esperanto through other means since January of this year, specifically a book about the workings of the language I downloaded on my phone (which I believe was written between the late 19th - early 20th centuries). Sections that the book went over in particular were participles which used the suffixes -anta/-inta/-onta.

For example:

Mi estas estanta... (I am being...) Li estis aminta (He had loved)

Now I have not completed the Esperanto tree as of now (though I am in the last section) so I do not know whether these will be discussed, but as of where I am, I have not seen even the slightest hint of these. This leads into my question- are participles in Esperanto rare, or are they not used at all?

3 years ago

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/pobotay
pobotay
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They can be found in the Eduction section of the tree, this part in the notes section explains why there isn't much about them in the course:

"Participles

This is an introduction to participles, which are important to recognize and start to learn, but which are not needed for most everyday interactions in Esperanto."

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PatrickOsa
PatrickOsa
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Thanks for the info

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Mutusen
Mutusen
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Participles are actually not that rare, but compound tenses are very uncommon and almost never needed.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CuriousAtanaa

Hi. Do you think you could post a link to the book please? I'd be interested to have a look.

I can't help with your question, sorry, I'm not far enough on.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CuriousAtanaa

Dankon :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sirhalos

Go to books.google.com then Search for Esperanto, then on the top right hand corner click the gear icon and click Advanced search. From here change Search: to Full view only and click the Google Search button. That will give you a list of all free out-of-print public domain books that Google has scanned about Esperanto.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CuriousAtanaa

Dankon :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/flootzavut
flootzavutPlus
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Yeah, participles are in the third row from the bottom, so you don't get to them till quite close to the end.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ArioSana
ArioSana
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Simple alternatives for me by simple verbs and words: mi estas manĝanta (nun) = mi manĝas (nun); la pordo estas malfermita/ata (nun) = la pordo estas malferma (nun). La viro estas/is mortinta (jam) = la viro mortis (jam) aŭ la viro estas morta. Mi estos dormanta (baldaŭ) = mi dormos (baldaŭ) | Mi estas dormanto (baldaŭ) = Mi dormos (baldaŭ). Or prefer them alone: lernanto/a/e (nun), lerninto (jam), lernonto (baldaŭ). In esperanto conversation we don't need complicate like our languages.

3 years ago