"This story is not true."
Translation:Ní fíor an scéal seo.
Is there a difference in emphasis between Ní fíor an scéal seo and Níl an scéal seo fíor?
How does the copula construct work for this sentence? I thought it was bi or is. ..... Not both
Also, I believe that it would need to be an exclamation with a subjective judgement to use a predicative adjective with the copula — Ní fíor é an scéal seo!. Otherwise, Níl an scéal seo fíor. would be used for a statement, whether subjective or objective, and Níl an scéal seo fíor! would be used for an objective exclamation.
ok thanks. i just didn't understand how both Ní fíor é an scéal seo and Níl an scéal seo fíor could be correct.
I think I've asked this somewhere else but I can't find it back. I see on teanglann that fíor is both a noun and an adjective.
Can I assume that when using the copula, it is a noun (i.e. "This story is not (a) truth") while when used with bí, it is an adjective (i.e. "This story is not true")?
Thanks for clarifying the missing é with the copula too.
Most of the time, a copula’s predicate is a noun phrase, but there are a couple of situations in which it can be an adjective — an exclamation with a subjective judgement is one of the situations in which fíor can be “true” rather than “truth”.
I see. Does this apply to any adjectives used in this fashion (i.e. a subjective judgement), or only a specific subset of adjectives? Could I say: Is tuirsiúil é an caint seo! Is gránna é an madra seo!
To my knowledge, any adjective could be used in an exclamatory subjective judgement. (Since caint is feminine, Is tuirsiúil í an chaint seo! would be better.)
You will encounter Is fíor é and tá sé fíor for "it's true", as well as is fíor sin, is fíor é sin and tá sé sin fíor for "that's true".
Because of it's dual nature as both an adjective and a noun, it's not a good model to use for constructing other sentences (and it's worth noting that, even in English, "that's true!" and "that's the truth!" are largely equivalent).
For your other examples, the form that I'm familiar with would allow you to say Is gránna an madra é ("it's an ugly dog"), or is tuirsiúil an caint í ("it's tiresome talk").
I would see Is gránna é an madra seo! as an example of elision (Is madra gránna é an madra seo!)