"This is mom and this is aunt."
Translation:Це мама, а це тітка.
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Which form of and do I use?
In Ukrainian, there are four words that mean and; і, та, а and й. Three of them; і, та and й are all used to link similar things, the only reason we have so many is so we can switch them around to make the language flow and sound more melodic.
- Мама і тато - Mom and dad
- Та я! - And me!
- Мова й алфавіт - Language and alphabet
It's really up to you when you want to use them :)
But on the other hand, а is used to contrast between two different things. It roughly corresponds to the English whereas.
- Мама там, а тато тут - Mom is there, and/whereas dad is here
- Я працюю а ти танюєш - I work and/whereas you work
- Мене звати Віктор а вас звати Вєра - My name is Victor and/whereas your name is Viera
Why is "а" the correct choice here instead of "і"? Doesn't the use of "і" in a list work like in Russian? I would expect the corresponding English sentence prompt to say, "This is mom, but this is aunt." if the conjunction used here in Ukrainian is "а". Can someone explain please?
In a nutshell:
- "і" is used for connecting similar things
- "а" is used for connecting contrasted/juxtaposed things
There is more on this topic in the following discussions:
«Цьоця» and «тета» are dialectal words. This course teaches literary Ukrainian, a common version of the language understood throughout Ukraine. In literary Ukrainian, 'aunt' is «тітка».
Gee, even in Hindi they say 'chaachee' for 'цьоця' or 'aunt'! That must be 'dialectical' as well? And in Sanskrit they also differentiate between a maternal aunt ('maatulaa') & a paternal aunt ('pitrvya') as in 'dialectical' Ukrainian. Sanskrit is the root language of most languages, including Ukrainian...or is 'Western Ukrainian dialect' 'older' thus closer to Sanskrit? Food for thought.
More food for thought:
- Age of a word doesn’t make it more or less dialectal. Some English dialects kept words like to hight meaning ‘to command’ (while the word ‘command’ is a borrowing), but it doesn’t make it less dialectal.
- The idea that Sanskrit is ‘the root language of most languages’ was refuted in the 19th century. It’s not.