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  5. "Did you say that to her?"

"Did you say that to her?"

Translation:An ndúirt tú é sin léi?

September 6, 2015



Isn't "did" translated as "ar"? Why is it "an" in this case?


abair is an irregular verb, and it uses an as the interrogative particle in the past tense.


Is that the case for all the irregular verbs?


Irregular verbs are irregular. They don't all follow the same patter - if they did they'd be lumped into a 3rd conjugation, and wouldn't be irregular.


Why is it Léi instead of di?


Because Irish doesn't use the same prepositions that English does. As with éist, you use le with abair (dúirt is the past tense form of abair). Here are some of the examples in the FGB entry for abair on teanglann.ie that show how le is used where you would use "to" in English:

"Abair leis féin é - "say it to himself"
Deir lucht staire linn - "historians inform us"
Cad a déarfá le deoch? -"What would you say to a drink?"
Dúirt mé liom féin gurbh fhearr dom fanacht sa bhaile - "I said to myself that it would be better for me to stay at home"
Deirimse mairteoil leat! - "That’s what I call beef!"
Abair leat - "continue your story"; "say what you have to say"
Abair leis fanacht liom - "tell him to wait for me"
Mar a bheadh Dia á rá leis - "as if God ordained it" ("as if God was saying it to him")
Déarfaidh mé thú le d’athair - "I’ll report you to your father"
An bhfuil aon fhocal agat le rá liom? - "Have you anything to say to me?

There is one example that uses do, but it is in the sense of "for", rather than "to":
Abair an dán sin dúinn - "recite that poem for us"


When is it e sin and when is it just sin?


I believe they're generally interchangeable. I've heard anecdotally that you use é/í sin/seo/siúd when it hasn't be referred to already, and sin/seo/siúd after it has.

See here


What's siúd, as I have not come across it yet


It's like "that over there" - "yon" for some people.


Isn't it unusual to add an "n" when it is preceded by an"n" ?


No. Take the nouns naomh or Nollaig or nuachtán. There isn't any problem putting the definite article an before them - an naomh, an Nollaig, an nuachtán.

The same goes for the interrogative particle an before verbs that start with d, and that are eclipsed with n.

On the other hand, you normally get eclipsis after ag an and ar an and some other simple prepositions, but in this case d and t are indeed exceptions - so you get ar an díon rather than ar an ndíon. (Munster Irish uses ar an ndíon and Ulster Irish uses ar an dhíon)


I've heard "Ar dhúirt tú sin léi " and "Níor dhúirt" Is this acceptable in Gaeilge Uladh ?


When is sin vs go raibh used for that? go raibh maith agat


I agree with SatharnPHL

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