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What are 'Initial Consonant Mutations'?

JoelleMcG
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I read the Wikipedia article about Irish Initial Consonant Mutations, but it was a little complicated, and I still don't really understand.

Can anyone explain it a little more succinctly?

Thank you!

3 years ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Yoneyzkalchiwoaf

Basically a "initial consonant mutation" is when the first consonant of the word changes to some other consonant. As for Irish, the first consonant of that word changes depending on what word goes before it. There are two types of these mutations in Irish: Lenition and Eclipsis

Lenition is usually when the first consonant of the word changes from a stop (p, t, k, m, etc.) to a fricative (f, th, ch, etc.).

Eclipsis is when a consonant is added before the first consonant of the word, changing the pronunciation of the first consonant to that consonant. For example, the word "Paris" changes to "bParis" (pronounced the same thing as "Paris" but with a "b" sound instead of a "p" sound) after specific words.

I hope that this helped you understand the concept much better.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/galaxyrocker

Except, with lenition, l and n can be lenited.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/proinsias123

Eclipsis and lenition are initial mutations. These two skills are covered a little further down in the course. Don't forget to look at the tips & notes sections on these skills when you get there, because they tell you most of the situations when they should be used. They're tricky at first, but it'll get easier as you practice

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Eikoopmit

The letter "h", generally used in ways that haunt my dreams with nightmares of the progress bar for lessons getting close to completion and then going down to me having practically just started the lesson.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JoelleMcG
JoelleMcG
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Thanks everyone! Those explanations are a lot clearer than Wikipedia!

3 years ago