"She confessed, that she longs for home."

Translation:Ŝi konfesis, ke ŝi sopiras al la hejmo.

September 15, 2015



Why does "hejmo" need "la" before it? "la hejmo"

September 15, 2015


Without the "la" it would translate to:

She longs for a home.

(As opposed to "her specific home.")

November 17, 2015


The short answer is that "it just does." Actually, home behaves pretty idiosyncratically in English. Most singular English count nouns need to co-occur with an article, which is why you can't say, for example, "She longs for house". So really, Esperanto hejmo is just acting like a totally normal noun.

September 15, 2015


that makes sense, but why wouldn't it be "ŝia hejmo" "la hejmo" makes me think there's ONE home THE home.. the one that is longed for by many, the one we all dream of... THE HOME (dramatic music)

March 16, 2016


la in this context is a pronoun corresponding to her own.

August 24, 2016


That sounds reasonable, but I disagree with it. La is a definite article and, to quote (David K.) Jordan in his "Being Colloquial in Esperanto" (pages 41-2): "There is less standardization in the use of la in Esperanto than in some other languages, and what there is tends to correspond with the least-common denominator usage of Western European languages. You should be prepared for la to turn up where it would not appear in English or be missing where we would use it."

He then goes on to show us the ways that la is used differently in Esperanto than English.
• Before abstract nouns: la libereco = liberty, la bona sano= good health.
• Before a possessive adjective lacking a noun: la mia = mine, la via = yours.
• Before an adjective with an "understood" noun: Jen la vere belaj = Here are the really pretty ones!
• In place of a possessive adjective, especially for kinship, body parts, clothes and other objects intimately related to the speaker: Ili diris al la patro = They spoke to their father, Li vundis la brakon = he hurt his arm, Ŝi sopiris al la hejmo = She longed for her home.

Etc, KTP. and so on.

August 24, 2016


"La can take the place of possessive pronouns is a wee bit different than La … is a pronoun … . Don't ya think?

Though, for a shorthand explanation, it could suffice. And the Duo reference is essentially the last point (there are more) which I copied from Sr-o. Jordan's fine book, which I highly recommend to everyone. (Not only is it very informative, but having it on your shelf makes you look even smarter.) ;D

Also both of us are in agreement with lyubomirv's point made 3 months earlier.

August 24, 2016


Thanks for the info. My reference was from the "Education" module here on Duolingo -

"La can take the place of possessive pronouns

When talking about relatives, parts of one's body, a piece of one's clothing, an intimate possession, etc, la can take the place of a possessive pronoun; this usage is understood in the appropriate context"

August 24, 2016


I'm not an expert, but I would assume this works as it does in other languages (Spanish, for example), where in such cases the definite article implies one's own object.

April 28, 2016


Kial ne: "Ŝi konfesis, ke ŝi sopiras pri sia hejmo"?

March 20, 2016


Mi pensas, ke estas korekta. Kvankam la plejparto de ekzemploj ĉi tie uzas la prepozicion “al”, estas kelkaj uzantaj “pri”.

August 24, 2016


Vidu tion kion mi skribis respondante al la fadeno kiu sekvas la komenton de andrewgtreantos.

August 24, 2016


Could you say "...ke ŝi sopiras hejmon"?

November 20, 2015


Without saying "..la hejmon" aŭ "..sian hejmon" it would mean 'a home' not specifically her home.

November 26, 2015


Toto, mi kredas, ke ni ne plu estas en la Kansaso

April 27, 2016


Ĉu la signifo de sopiri ŝanĝiĝas per uzo de pri/al/je?

May 31, 2017
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