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Slow Finnish - Chapter 2a - Missä asut?

Kaisa asuu Kuopiossa. Hänen ystävänsä James on käymässä Suomessa ja on yötä Kaisan luona. James tuli Suomeen aamulennolla, joten hän on väsynyt. Ovikello soi. Yvonne tulee käymään Kaisan luona. - Kaisa lives in Kuopio. Her friend James is visiting Finland and is spending the night at Kaisa's place. James took the morning flight to Finland, so he is tired. The doorbell rings. Yvonne comes to visit Kaisa.

Yvonne: Hyvää iltaa. Mitä kuuluu?

Kaisa: Iltaa. Kiitos hyvää. Entä sinulle?

Yvonne: Oikein hyvää, kiitos.

Kaisa: Tämä on James.

Yvonne: Hauska tutustua.

James: Samoin.

Yvonne: Ahaa. Olet britti.

James: Kyllä. Ja sinä olet ranskalainen.

Yvonne: Joo. Missä asut?

James: Asun Lontoossa. Entä sinä?

Yvonne: Pariisissa. Miksi olet Kuopiossa?

James: Olen lomalla. Entä sinä?

Yvonne: Opiskelen täällä.

James: Hohhoijaa. Anteeksi. Olen väsynyt. Menen nukkumaan.

Kaisa: Hyvää yötä.

Yvonne: Hyvää yötä.

Sanasto - Vocabulary

  • ilta a/the evening
  • Hyvää iltaa. Good evening.
  • tämä this
  • tutustua to get to know someone
  • ahaa (used when you recognise or notice something)
  • britti British
  • kyllä yes
  • ranskalainen French
  • joo yeah
  • asua to live in some place
  • missä (in) where (inessive)
  • asut you live (2nd person singular)
  • asun I live (1st person singular)
  • Lontoo London
  • Lontoossa in London (inessive)
  • Pariisi Paris
  • Pariisissa in Paris (inessive)
  • miksi why
  • Kuopio https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuopio
  • Kuopiossa in Kuopio (inessive)
  • loma a/the holiday
  • lomalla on holiday (adessive)
  • opiskella to study
  • opiskelen I study
  • täällä here (adessive)
  • hohhoijaa yaaawn
  • anteeksi sorry
  • väsynyt tired
  • Menen nukkumaan I will go and sleep.
  • a/the night
  • Hyvää yötä. Good night.

Vokaalisointu - Vowel harmony

There are three groups of vowels in Finnish: The front vowels (y, ä, ö), the back vowels (a, o, u) and the neutral front vowels (e, i). The front and back vowels CANNOT appear in the same word (unless we are talking about a compound word). The neutral front vowels can appear in the same word with either the front vowels or back vowels. If the word has only neutral vowels, the vowels in suffixes that follow are front vowels. So...

The place name Kuopio has three back vowels. This means that when you add a suffix to it the vowels in that suffix need to be (either) back vowels (or neutral vowels): KuopiossA - in Kuopio.

The place name Ähtäri has two front vowels. This means that the vowels in the suffix need to be (either) front vowels (or neutral vowels): ÄhtarissÄ - in Ähtäri. http://www.ahtarizoo.fi/index.php/en/

Berliini (Berlin) has only neutral vowels. That is why the vowels in the suffix need to be (either) front vowels (or neutral vowels): BerliinissÄ - in Berlin.

Persoonapronominit - Personal pronouns

  • minä I (1st person singular)
  • sinä you (2nd person singular)
  • hän he/she (3rd person singular)
  • me we (1st person plural)
  • te you (2nd person plural)
  • he they (3rd person plural)
  • Te formal you

Verbit: Ryhmä 1 - Verbs: Type 1

Type 1 verbs end with two vowels in infinitive. The stem is formed by replacing the last vowel of the verb with a suffix/an ending. Let's conjugate the verb asua (to live in some place):

  • (minä) asu-n the ending -n
  • (sinä) asu-t the ending -t
  • hän asu-u the last vowel of the stem is doubled
  • (me) asu-mme the ending -mme
  • (te) asu-tte the ending -tte
  • he asu-vat the ending -vat or -vät (vowel harmony)
  • (Te) asu-tte the ending -tte

First, notice that the 3rd person singular has no regular suffix. Instead, the last vowel of the stem is repeated.

Second, the 3rd person plural can have the suffix -vat or -vät, depending on the vowel harmony.

Third, using "minä", "sinä", "me" and "te" is optional. Usually they are not used, unless you want to emphasise the subject for some reason. However, "hän" and "he" are not optional. So, "asun" or "asut" without a subject is not only accepted but recommended. But you still need to use "hän" and "he" with "asuu" and "asuvat": "Hän asuu" and "he asuvat".

Fourth, asua means to live in some place (Ger. wohnen, Swe. bo). The verb for "to live" in the sense of being alive is elää. "Minä elän" were the last words of the poet and playwright Aleksis Kivi. He is celebrated 10th October every year by hoisting the flag. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleksis_Kivi

Harjoitus 1 - Exercise 1

Conjugate the verb elää. It is a type 1 verb and behaves the same way as asua. Do not forget the vowel harmony! The first person to get it right will receive 5 lingots.

Tomorrow we will talk about inessive and the day after that about olla (to be). Let me know what you thought about the lesson. If you have requests or questions, please comment below. Hei!

September 17, 2015

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

(minä) elän (sinä) elät hän elää (me) elämme (te) elätte he elävät (Te) elätte

Also, in this paragraph:

First, notice that 1st person singular has no regular suffix. Instead, the last vowel of the stem is repeated.

...shouldn't it say 3rd person singular?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

You are right. It should be 3rd person singular. The problem is that Duo has not let me edit my posts for a long time now. Every time I try to edit, it wipes out the entire text. :(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Oh, that's stupid.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

If the post wasn't this long and structured, I would suggest copying it and pasting into the edit window again, but that would destroy the formatting. That's no good.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Thank you for trying to help :) I posted about this in Troubleshooting today. Hopefully, someone there will know what to do.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

All right. It is done. I copy-pasted it and then restored the formatting by hand. It took me about 15 minutes, but at least the error is not there any more. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ungewitig_Wiht

elän elät elää elämme elätte elävät

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