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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Slow Finnish - Chapter 2b - Missä asut?

Inessiivi - The inessive

The inessive is used to express that someone or something is IN some place. The suffix for inessive is -ssa or -ssä depending on the vowel harmony.

If the word has back vowels (a o u), you use -ssa:

If the word has front vowels (y ä ö), you use -ssä:

If the word has only neutral vowels (e i), you use -ssä:

  • He asuvat Berliini-ssä.
  • Asumme Firenze-ssä.

If the word ends in a consonant, the vowel i needs to be placed between the word and the suffix:

  • Asut New York-i-ssa.
  • Asumme Peking-i-ssä. (Beijing)

If the word is a compound word, the last part of the compound determines what suffix should be used:

  • Asun Kööpenhamina-ssa. (Copenhagen)
  • Hän asuu Etelä-Afrika-ssa. (South Africa)

Some letter combinations trigger changes in the stem of the word. Nk is an example of such a combination. It changes into ng. I will discuss this later on with more detail:

  • He asuvat Helsingi-ssä. (Helsinki)
  • Sango-ssa on vettä. (sanko; there is water in a/the bucket)

Kaupunkeja - Cities

Many cities have their own name in Finnish for historical reasons. For example, the names of old Hansa cities have gone through "fennofication". Notice that these do not necessarily go together with the English names. For instance, Florence is called by its Italian name, Firenze, and Vienna by its Austrian/German name, Wien.

  • Ateena Athens
  • Berliini Berlin
  • Bryssel Brussels
  • Hampuri Hamburg
  • Kairo Cairo
  • Kiova Kiev
  • Kööpenhamina Copenhagen
  • Lontoo London
  • Moskova Moscow
  • Pariisi Paris
  • Peking Beijing
  • Pietari St. Petersburg
  • Praha Prague
  • Riika Riga
  • Rooma Rome
  • Tallinna Tallinn
  • Tokio Tokyo
  • Tukholma Stockholm
  • Varsova Warsaw
  • Venetsia Venice

Harjoitus 1 - Exercise 1

Käännä suomeksi. - Translate into Finnish.

  • You (singular) live in Prague.
  • You (plural) live in London.
  • Hans lives in Hamburg.
  • Heike and Helmut live in Vienna.
  • Pedro lives in Madrid.
  • We live in New York.
  • I live in Tokyo.
  • He/she lives in Beijing.
  • Alberto and Carolina live in Venice.
  • You (singular) live in Oslo.
  • We live in Copenhagen.
  • Ljudmila lives in St. Petersburg.
  • Luis lives in Rio de Janeiro.
  • Antti lives in Helsinki.

Let me know what you think about the lesson. It will help me to create future lessons. If you have suggestions or questions, please comment below. If you do not remember how to conjugate asua, here is a link to the previous lesson: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/10559825

Hei!

September 18, 2015

15 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scarcerer

If the word ends in a consonant, the vowel i needs to be placed between the word and the suffix

Just a clarification: this is a special rule for all foreign words. Finnish cities/towns like Varkaus and Parainen act according to Finnish endings.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

You are correct, sir. I should have been more specific.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Vastaukset - Answers

  • (Sinä) asut Prahassa.
  • (Te) asutte Lontoossa.
  • Hans asuu Hampurissa.
  • Heike ja Helmut asuvat Wienissä.
  • Pedro asuu Madridissa
  • (Me) asumme New Yorkissa.
  • (Minä) asun Tokiossa.
  • Hän asuu Pekingissä.
  • Alberto ja Carolina asuvat Venetsiassa.
  • (Sinä) asut Oslossa.
  • (Me) asumme Kööpenhaminassa.
  • Ljudmila asuu Pietarissa.
  • Luis asuu Rio de Janeirossa.
  • Antti asuu Helsingissä.

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Read and done. Thanks.

I hope I'm not the only one doing the lessons? That would be such a waste of effort. I know there are some Finnish learners around who are more ahead, are there any other beginners too?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

I have received some new followers, because of these lessons. So I would say there are at least 10 people, who are actively involved. They are just not as quick to comment as you are. I am very grateful for your comments. If you have any requests regarding the lessons, please just ask. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

I don't think I have any questions at the moment (and yeah, I'd like to help if I could think of any additions, but I'm basically a kind of person who accepts things as they are - unless they clash with what I know, of course). You've selected a small topic and told us all about it, I think. That makes it easy to absorb.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Gluehbirneee

You're not the only one. :) I've read through every of them, but I'm quite busy at the moment, so I haven't had the time to look at them closer yet. :/ I hope I'll have enough time on the weekend though, to give the lessons the time they deserve.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Glad to see you around. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Links to all the previous lessons can be found here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/10579104


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lars1o2

Hello! What if a town name contains both back and neutral vowels? For example, I live in the town Terborg. Should it be Asun Terborgissa or Terborgissä? Does it count as a compound word? Thanks for replying! :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Hello! If there are any back vowels in a word, then the ending has back vowels as well. So Asut Terborgissa. Terborg is in the Netherlands, right? Your city has a cool coat of arms. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lars1o2

Terve! Kiitos for your answer :) Yep, it's indeed in the Netherlands and I also like our coat of arms, haha :) Thanks a lot for this course by the way, I really enjoy it! Näkemiin :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Angelagp2

Is it possible to add a "Next" and "Previous" button (or alike) at the end of each lesson?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

I have been thinking about doing that. Just have not gotten around to doing it yet. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ungewitig_Wiht

Asut Prahassa.

Asutte Lontoossa

Hans asuu Hamburissa

Heike ja Helmut asuvat Wienissä

Pedro asuu Madridissa

Asumme New Yorkissa.

Asun Tokiossa

Hän asuu Pekingissä

Alberto ja Carolina asuvat Venetsiassa

Asut Oslossa.

Asumme Kööpenhaminassa.

Ljudmila asuu Pietarissa.

Luis asuu Rio de Janeirossa.

Antti asuu Helsingissa.

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