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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Slow Finnish - Chapter 2c - Missä asut?

Olla - To be

  • (minä) olen
  • (sinä) olet
  • hän on
  • (me) olemme
  • (te) olette
  • he ovat

Kansalaisuuksia - Nationalities

Notice that in Finnish the first letter of nationalities is in lower case. Most of these words are used as both nouns and adjectives. I have included words like eurooppalainen (European).

  • aasialainen Asian
  • afrikkalainen African
  • amerikkalainen American
  • arabialainen Arab, Arabic
  • argentiinalainen Argentinian, Argentine
  • australialainen Australian (pronounced austraalialainen)
  • belgialainen Belgian
  • brasilialainen Brazilian
  • britti (noun), brittiläinen (adjective) Brit, British
  • chileläinen Chilean (pronounced tsiileläinen)
  • egyptiläinen Egyptian
  • espanjalainen Spanish, Spaniard
  • eteläafrikkalainen South African
  • etiopialainen Ethiopian
  • eurooppalainen European
  • filippiiniläinen Filipino
  • hollantilainen Dutch
  • intialainen Indian
  • irlantilainen Irish
  • islantilainen Icelandic
  • italialainen Italian
  • itävaltalainen Austrian
  • jamaikalainen Jamaican
  • japanilainen Japanese
  • kanadalainen Canadian
  • kenialainen Kenyan
  • kiinalainen Chinese
  • korealainen Korean
  • kreikkalainen Greek
  • latvialainen Latvian
  • liettualainen Lithuanian
  • marokkolainen Moroccan
  • meksikolainen Mexican
  • norjalainen Norwegian
  • portugalilainen Portuguese
  • puolalainen Polish, Pole
  • ranskalainen French
  • romanialainen Romanian
  • ruotsalainen Swedish, Swede
  • saksalainen German
  • serbi (noun), serbialainen (adjective) Serb, Serbian
  • slovakki (noun), slovakialainen (adjective) Slovakian
  • sloveeni (noun), slovenialainen (adjective) Slovene
  • somali (noun), somalialainen (adjective) Somali, Somalian
  • suomalainen Finnish, Finn
  • sveitsiläinen Swiss
  • tanskalainen Danish, Dane
  • tsekki (noun), tsekkiläinen (adjective) Czech
  • tunisialainen Tunisian
  • turkkilainen Turkish
  • virolainen Estonian
  • venäläinen Russian
  • yhdysvaltalainen from the USA

Amerikkalainen can refer to someone from the United States, but if you want to be specific, use yhdysvaltalainen.

Harjoitus 1 - Exercise 1

Käännä suomeksi. - Translate into Finnish.

  • I am a Czech.
  • She is Danish.
  • He is Somalian.
  • You (singular) are Estonian.
  • Lars is Norwegian.
  • Kaisa is Finnish.
  • James is a Brit.
  • I am Swedish.
  • I am Danish.
  • Yvonne is French.
  • Angela is German.
  • You (singular) are Chinese.
  • You (singular) are European.
  • Luis is Brazilian.
  • Mart is Estonian.
  • Sally is from the USA.

You must have noticed that all the forms of olla are in singular. That is because the plural requires partitive, which we will learn later.

Harjoitus 2 - Exercise 2

Käännä suomeksi. - Translate into Finnish.

  • This is Maxim. He is Russian. He lives in St. Petersburg.
  • This is Penelope. She is Spanish. She lives in Barcelona.
  • This is Jorge. He is Argentinian. He lives in Buenos Aires.
  • This is Markku. He is Finnish. He lives in Helsinki.
  • This is Akira. He is Japanese. He lives in Tokio.
  • This is Ahmet. He is Turkish. He lives in Ankara.
  • This is Luis. He is Portuguese. He lives in Lissabon.
  • This is Julia. She is Polish. She lives in Warsaw.

Let me know what you think about the lesson. If you have any questions, I will be happy to answer them. If you have any suggestions, please post them below. If your nationality is not listed, let me know. Here is a link to the previous lessons: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/10579104

Hei!

September 19, 2015

22 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Done, kiitos.

I've actually been taught that Czech is spelt tšekki/tšekkiläinen. Do I understand it right that using š is optional? And how is it with pronunciation?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

The spelling you have been taught is the ideal spelling. However, since the Finnish keyboard does not have that letter, tsekki is also accepted. I pronounce the word "tsekki", but I have heard people saying "tshekki" quite often. I assume that the latter is the preferred way to pronounce the word (but only assume; I am not certain).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scarcerer

You've probably heard tshekki quite often as it's quite common in spelling, too. Maybe people spell what they hear. I'm also guessing it's the preferred pronunciation because it matches the ideal spelling.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Yeah, although I cannot tell Finns how to pronounce things when they speak Finnish, the "sh" version is much closer to the original name (and also corresponds with our pronunciation of the letter š).

This brings me to another thing: I noticed quite a few times that when Finns speak or sing English (or Czech), they often make no difference between pronunciation of s and sh, so that the word "she" sounds like "see". As if they can't tell the difference. I've often wondered about it and its cause. Is there no "sh" sound in original Finnish words?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

You are correct. Sh does not appear in Finnish words very often. I could think of only seven other words that have that sound (shaahi/saahi, shakki/sakki, samaani, sheikki/seikki, shekki/sekki, shillinki, sirokko). Other sounds that are difficult for Finns are the two different th sounds of English, z as in "prison" or the German "Sonne" and the su sound in "pleasure" and "treasure" or the French "je". Then there is the sound that starts words like "joy" or the Italian "giallo". I can handle this sound once but if it appears twice in the same word, it is too much for me. Hence, I am not able to pronounce the word "judge" correctly. Unlike sh, all the sounds mentioned never appear in Finnish.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Thanks, this is interesting to know.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PolyglotKristian

This sounds very strange, of course there is the sh sound like zzz's comment indicates. That's quite bad pronunciation then if someone pronounces she and see similarly, you've then most likely heard people who speak Rallienglanti and not real English :D

Here's a model example of Rallienglanti: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TAGbrM-MMRk, many people in Finland still speak rallienglanti instead of English, so that might explain your experience with the sh sounds.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

I looked up some of the occurrences I remembered and it's probably more like zzz's "judge" - someone who knows the difference but cannot always handle it well. Like here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9LvCwK_BGk

Notice the phrase "should I be happy or should I cry", the first "should" is correct, the second not.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/chirelchirel

In that example I bet it's caused by the r in or. The transition from r to sh is too much, since we have neither sound in Finnish.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PolyglotKristian

yeah I heard that :D strange that they didn't record that again to get it right.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Don_Cristian: They would have to rerecord more songs than this one; I listened to the whole album yesterday and there were a few other dubious examples there. I guess they had decided they had other priorities.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Erven.R

Thank you for adding the word "Filipino"!! Kiitos.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

VASTAUKSET - ANSWERS

Harjoitus 1

  • (Minä) olen tsekki.
  • Hän on tanskalainen.
  • Hän on somalialainen.
  • (Sinä) olet virolainen.
  • Lars on norjalainen.
  • Kaisa on suomalainen.
  • James on britti.
  • (Minä) olen ruotsalainen.
  • (Minä) olen tanskalainen.
  • Yvonne on ranskalainen.
  • Angela on saksalainen.
  • (Sinä) olet kiinalainen.
  • (Sinä) olet eurooppalainen.
  • Luis on brasilialainen.
  • Mart on virolainen.
  • Sally on yhdysvaltalainen.

Harjoitus 2

  • Tämä on Maxim. Hän on venäläinen. Hän asuu Pietarissa.
  • Tämä on Penelope. Hän on espanjalainen. Hän asuu Barcelonassa.
  • Tämä on Jorge. Hän on argentiinalainen. Hän asuu Buenos Airesissa.
  • Tämä on Markku. Hän on suomalainen. Hän asuu Helsingissä.
  • Tämä on Akira. Hän on japanilainen. Hän asuu Tokiossa.
  • Tämä on Ahmet. Hän on turkkilainen. Hän asuu Ankarassa.
  • Tämä on Luis. Hän on portugalilainen. Hän asuu Lissabonissa.
  • Tämä on Julia. Hän on puolalainen. Hän asuu Varsovassa.

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

I just realised that I forgot to include unkarilainen (Hungarian) in the list. I am beoynd embarrassed. And then there are the difficulties experienced by Team Hungarian. Jinx. :(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LangForThought

Olen norjalainen ja saksalainen! Mutta asun Amerikassa.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Hei, Timmster. Glad to see your comment. :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ungewitig_Wiht

Oh man I did terrible :D I forgot that asut is for sinä not hän and used that every single time, and on top of that forgot the word tämä so I made up my own word ':D

Kiitos suomen kurssia btw. Perheni on brittijä mutta asun Amerikassa ja olen amerikalainen/yhdysvaltalainen, suomi ei olla... Uh i'll just stop there i'm sure I butchered every word. Finnish ain't the most practical for me but it's fun.

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