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Macedonian language (македонски јазик) 4

Today we learn the Macedonian plural )

The masculine nouns have suffixes: и, еви and вци/овци:

The plural of masculine nouns is formed by adding "и":

man = маж, men = мажи

(note: we also can translate as "човек", but means in general as "person" for both sexes, so on TV and in newspapers is used "маж", as well as educated people use it, while "човек" is used in everyday speech in my environment, informally)

horse = коњ , horses = коњи

bed = кревет, beds = кревети

friend = пријател, frieds = пријатели

time / road = пат, times = пати and roads = патишта

eg:

I was five times in Skopje = Јас бев пет пати во Скопје

The roads are closed = Патиштата се затворени

day = ден, days = дни

The plural of masculine nouns is formed by adding “ови":

Note: Most of the singular masculine noun with one syllable has form plural by adding this suffix (exceptions are: маж, ден, коњ and some another words):

chair = стол, chairs = столови

wall = ѕид, walls = ѕидови

son = син, sons = синови

city = град, cities = градови

The plural of masculine nouns is formed by adding "еви" and "вци/овци", these suffixes are rare:

knife = нож, knives = ножеви

king = крал, kings = кралеви

key = клуч, keys = клучеви

number =број, numbers = броеви

end = крај, ends = краеви

Note: Mostly this eding in "ј", "л“, "ч“, "ж“, "ш" etc. by adding "еви" and "j" always loses in the plural.

father = татко, fathers = татковци

grandfather = дедо, grandfathers = дедовци

uncle = чичко, uncles = чичовци (father's brother)

uncle = вујко, uncles = вујковци (mother's brother)

All edings “eц“ and “к“ turn into “(в)ци“ in the plural:

mouse = глушец, mouses = глувци (the "ш" turns into a "в" in the case)

window = прозорец, windows = прозорци

language = јазик , languages = јазици

rabbit = зајак, rabbits = зајаци

Important note:

If there are two / three / sometimes four things the plural of masculine nouns is formed by adding "a" to the singular:

two horses = два коња, but five horses = пет коњи

three days = три дeна, but six days = шест дни

two numbers = два броја, seven numbers = седум броеви

I speak a few languages = Јас зборувам неколку јaзика (not јaзици)

If you use number (the most common 2 and 3) with masculine human being in the collective number:

Тwo men have the same clock = Двајцата мажи имаат ист часовник, but also can use although it is fewer common: два мажа имаат ист часовник

двајцата is also translated as "both"

collective number of "three" is "тројца", and of "four" is "четворица"

Number "one" for all masculine nouns is used in the singular as well as twenty one, hundred fifty one:

еден маж (one man), еден коњ (one horse) as well as дваесет и еден маж (twenty one men), дваесет и еден коњ (twenty one horses) etc.

The plural of ferminine nouns is formed by adding "и", it is very easy and often:

woman = жена, women = жени

cat = мачка, cats = мачки

sister = сестра, sisters = сестри

table = маса, tables = маси

snake = змија, snakes = змии

The plural of neuter nouns is formed by adding "a" and "чиња":

heart = срце, hearts = срца

willage = село, willages = села

boy = момче, boys = момчиња (little boy, and big boy or boyfriend is дечко)

girl = девојче, girls = девојчиња (little girl, and big girl or girlfriend is девојка)

dog = куче, dogs = кучиња

baby = бебе, babies = бебиња

Collective plural:

лист, листови , лисје (singular, common plural [rarely used], collective plural)

цвет, цветови, цвеќе

камен, камени, камење etc.

The leaf is green = Листот е зелен

The leaves are green = Лисјето се зелени

Pluralia tantum:

glasses = очила

pants = панталони

scissors = ножици etc.

Irregular plural:

person / man = човек, people = луѓе

brother = брат, brothers = браќа

child = дете, children = деца

animal = животно, animals = животни

hand = рака, hands = раце

leg = нога, legs = нозе

eye = око, eyes = очи etc.

That is all.. I hope you like it. But it is not too difficult, is not it? It is still a Slavic language, so there must be some difficulties, but it is lighter than some Slavic languages. I think that I have written enough about the plural and too many examples. But you will learn new words through the coming lessons, of course, with a plurality of other things.

https://www.duolingo.com/comment/10068881 (list of lessons)

Се надевам дека ви се допадне и јас ќе пишувам нова лекција "животни" наскоро. Поздрав од Македонија )

September 22, 2015

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/het_aapje

Благодарам :))!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mnedelkovska

Нема на што! )


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Viking...

Nice work, Thank you.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mnedelkovska

Hvala i nema na cemu )


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RhydianDavies

Допада ми със сигурност. By the way, the funny masculine noun plurals for two or three of something come from the archaic Slavic dual number. Slovenian is the only Indo-European language today which still has the dual in addition to the singular and plural.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mnedelkovska

It is very interesting, I did not know about it. Thank you!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Vilkku3

Благодарам!

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