"The apple is red."

Translation:La pomo estas ruĝa.

September 22, 2015



What's the difference between pomo and pomon?

November 9, 2015


Just difference in grammar. Pomo with 'n' is accusative. The 'n' after a noun marks the direct object of a transitive verb.
Compare 2 different examples. The 3 sentences in A) have the same meaning. just another word order: Same for B
A) Knabo manĝas pomon. Pomon manĝas knabo. Manĝas knabo pomon B) Ĝi estas frukto. Frukto estas ĝi. Estas ĝi frukto

November 9, 2015


Thank you, it' very useful. And... How the hell did you get the esperanto keyboard?!?

January 16, 2016


I used MSKLC to program my own Dvorak based keyboard driver with Esperanto, German, French diacritics:

Search « esperanto keyboard klavaro », e.g.

January 17, 2016


How do you pronounce ruga? The audio is missing.

June 11, 2016



June 12, 2016


Why does "La pomo rugxas." have an s at the end of red, but not in "La pomo estas rugxa." ?

September 22, 2015


La pomo estas ruĝa

ruĝa = adjective

La pomo ruĝas

ruĝas = verb

(ruĝi is a verb derived from ruĝa meaning "to be read", and the present tense in Esperanto ends with -as, thus: "is red" = estas ruĝa or simply ruĝas

September 22, 2015


The verb 'be' and the article 'the' are a new words in our old languages. Same languages uses them too much, other language avoid it or dont has it. Russians say "I Tom" instead of "I am Tom" and 'apple red' instead of 'the apple is red'. The normal tranlation is 'La pomo estas ruĝa' but to speak shorly one uses 'La pomo ruĝas'

September 22, 2015


I wrote rugan and it axcepted, but it told me that the correct form were ruga. Why?

July 29, 2016


ruĝan is bad. May be it was accepted as a typo

July 29, 2016


It shouldn't be accepted as a typo, up to me Many people are confused with the use of "-n" so in most cases it is not a typo but a real error This just makes people even more confused, so in my opinion Duolingo should be strict about it

June 9, 2017


this is now corrected. I said 'la pomo estas rugxan', and got the answer wrong

December 11, 2017


Because you are not doing anything to make the apple red (-n). The apple is red, and beingsomething does not put it into the accusative.

November 10, 2018
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