Translation:They are cats.
99 CommentsThis discussion is locked.
No because il cane ends with the letter e. Nouns that end in e only have two forms - ie. il cane and i cani.
Il gatto ends with -o therefore it can change to la gatta (the female cat), i gatto (the cats - could be all male cats, mixed or unknown gender) and le gatte (the female cats).
Il cavallo (or any other animal noun which ends with -o) will also change like il gatto if you are specifically talking about a female of that animal.
This also applies to professions (which we haven't covered yet).
If they are going for the audible distinction between gatti and gatte then there needs to be an audible exercise for each contrasting the difference. All i am aware of is a question with a picture of cats that accepts both "le gatte" and "i gatti" as correct answers. So given no other context the expectation would be the same here.
Like Rae.F posted, you can see there are two sono with two meanings, I am (the first one) and they are (the last one). You just have to work with context, like it would be pretty weird to translate "sono gatte" as "I am cats" when "they are cats" work better. hope this helps as well owo
Oh. Well, I totally mis-read your comment, then! Sorry about that.
I have three thoughts on it:
One, it's an oversight on the part of the programmers.
Two, there's a small glitch due to the fact that "sono" can be either "I am" or "they are" and so because the word in question directly follows "sono", the program thinks, "Well, it could be either, better provide both options."
Three, they're deliberately including the base word and expecting us to use our knowledge of how plurals work to select the right one.
Because that's just how Italian works.
gatto - single male cat
gatti - multiple male cats (or multiple cats of indeterminate gender)
gatta - single female cat
gatte - multiple female cats
More generally, 99% of the time, these are how the noun endings work:
-o - singular masculine
-i - plural masculine/mixed
-a - singular feminine
-e - plural feminine
Oh, I thought there was only one word for singular cat which is why I got confused. Having both male and female version of a singular thing, thats... pretty weird haha. I'll take some getting used to.
I have another question regarding the second part of your comment... I recently came across "Animali". Is this the same case as cats? is there both male and female singular animal?
Very few nouns (only a small handful, really) come in both masculine and feminine versions. The overwhelming majority are either one or the other.
The word for "animal" belongs to the majority of nouns that do not vary in gender, although it is irregular in that although it is masculine, the singular is
animale instead of
*animalo. The plural is regular, though:
Google Translate is unreliable.
If you were given text to translate or a multiple choice question, then "They are cats" is "Sono gatti" or "Sono gatte". If you were given a dictation exercise, then you needed to transcribe what was said, and if it said "gatte" and you wrote "gatti", then that would be wrong.
The present tense conjugation of "essere" looks like this:
Like the "to be" verb in pretty much all European languages, it is irregular.
The good thing about "sono" being both the "io" and the "loro" conjugation is that "essere/to be" is what's called a stative verb. It describes the state of the subject. And in Italian, there is gender and number agreement. So if "sono" is followed by something singular, then that guarantees the implied subject is "io". If "sono" is followed by something plural, that guarantees the implied subject is "loro".
Because in this case, they are talking about female cats.
There are a handful of animals (pets and farm animals) that have grammatical gender according to their sex, as opposed to most animals that have one grammatical gender for the whole species.
il gatto = the cat (masculine, singular)
i gatti = the cats (masculine, plural)
la gatta = the cat (feminine, singular)
le gatte = the cats (feminine, plural)
If you type "sono gatte" or "sono gatti" and it marks you wrong, please flag it and report "My answer should be accepted".
If you have a multiple-choice question and both are options, you need to select both, per the instructions at the top of the page.
The course contributors do not monitor these forums for feedback.