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"Tu es un garçon."

Translation:You are a boy.

5 years ago

14 Comments
This discussion is locked.


https://www.duolingo.com/Sophie010

i thought the s in "es" is silence....

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/1975Be
1975Be
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You pronounce 's' in the end of a word, generally, when the next phoneme is a vowel.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Remy
Remy
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In French, a "liaison" is when a normally silent consonant at the end of a word is pronounced at the beginning of the word that follows it. Usually, liaisons are required between two words when the first one ends with a consonant (ex: "es") and the second one starts with a vowel (ex: "un"). They are also required when the second word starts with a "mute H" (ex: "honnête" which means "honest"). Cautious: consonants in liaisons sometimes change pronunciation. For example, an S is pronounced like a Z when it is in a liaison.

  • ex: "Tu es un garçon" means "You are a boy", and is pronounced like "Tu es-Z-un garçon"
  • ex: "Tu es honnête" means "You are honest", and is pronounced like "Tu es-Z-honnête"

The pronunciation (or not) of liaisons follows specific rules. Liaisons are divided into three categories:

Required liaisons:

There are many cases, but here are a few examples: Nominal group: "un homme" (pronounced "un-N-homme"), "les amis" (pronounced "les-Z-amis") Verbal group: "vous avez" (pronounced "vous-Z-avez"), "ils ont" (pronounced "ils-Z-ont") etc.

Forbidden liaisons:

There are many cases, but here are a few examples: After a singular noun: "un garçon intéressant" (you should not say "un garçon-N-intéressant") After "et" (and): "un homme et une femme" (you should not say "un homme et-T-une femme") Before a "h aspiré": "les haricots" (you should not say "les-Z-haricots").

Optional liaisons:

There are many cases, but in this particular case, a case of optional liaison is after verbs that are not followed by a pronoun: "L'enfant prend un sucre". You can either pronounce: "L'enfant prend un sucre" or "... prend-T-un sucre".

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mitaine56

sophie- we have to pronounce it to join the 2 words, ES UN, but Duo didn,t pronounce the S at the right place. They say : tu eS un garçon, but with the "liaison" you should say it like this : tu es -z-un garçon

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mitaine56

sophie010- we hear the S when a voyel is following : tu eS Un homme. In, tu es fou /you are crazy., we don't hear the S

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/amosweing

whats the difference between es and est?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/franksands

isn't "tu" very intimate? shoudn't "vous" be used instead?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jessie.leonard21

tu is informal whereas vous is formal. In conversation when you are speaking to elders you should use vous but it is appropriate to use tu to your peers.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mitaine56

for a man, a woman, an older person, or someone you don't know, you use VOUS, but we never say vous to a child, but for a group of boys, yes because it,s plural

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PERCE_NEIGE
PERCE_NEIGE
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In some school, you can say "vous" to a child. In most "collège" (different from the English college), teachers says "vous" to the student, to put a distance.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PERCE_NEIGE
PERCE_NEIGE
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Tu is not so intimate, it depends on the context, the age, etc... I say "tu" to everybody, except my customers and my boss, but some people say "tu" to their boss. If I meet someone I don't know, if he is young, I can say "tu" (depending on the relation, the situation we met, etc) or I would say "vous". If a person is much older than me, by respect, I would say "vous" even if I knew him or her for a long time. French people says "tu" much less easily than Spanish people by example.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TCarlen3
TCarlen3
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What I don't understand is that here "are" is "es", but I'm pretty sure that in the "you are rich" translation, they use "est" for "are". Can somebody help me?

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mitaine56

are is est and also es. you are rich= Tu es riche. he is rich = IL EST riche, same pronounciation but different conjugaison. So, you're wrong because what you say is impossible. I'm native and I can tell you. Je suis, tu es, il est, nous sommes, vous êtes, ils sont.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TCarlen3
TCarlen3
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Thank you. I kind of realized this after redoing the level, but thank you. That makes a lot more sense and you explained it well.

4 years ago