"Sie haben den Apfel" = You/They have the apple.
It can't mean "she" because of the verb: "Sie hat den Apfel" = She has the apple.
Yes. In writing formal you is always capitalized, but that won't help if it is at the beginning of the sentence or spoken.
However, formal you (Sie) requires that you directly talk to someone in direct speech. Whereas they indicates that you talk about some people (behind their backs?). These cases are usually clear to distinguish by context.
There are three different words for "you" in German: du, ihr and Sie. "Du" is used to address one person informally, "ihr" is used to address several people informally ("y'all"), and "Sie" is used to address one person or several people formally. Note that "Sie" in the sense of "you" is always spelled with a capital "S", even in the middle of a sentence. ("Sie" can also mean "she" or "they", but in this case it's not capitalized unless it's the first word in a sentence).
Because there are three different words for "you" in German, "you have" can be translated as "du hast", "ihr habt" or "Sie haben".
Really? Thanks! I thought Ihr is the formal because that's what Speaktribe(App) said.
If you wrote "You have the apple" -- and not "You are having the apple", which is wrong here -- report it. The translation "You have the apple" is fine.
You're right :S man whoever thought to have the formal conjugated as a plural was crazy.
I think that 'Sie' with the capital S mean "Formal way of saying you" but 'sie' with the lower case s, means they... thats how you distinguuish between them. To figure out if it is a 'she' you have to look at the verb ending
I just copy from myself:
We are talking about grammatical gender here. They have very little to nothing to do with the meaning of the noun. E.g. all nouns which last syllable is -ung, -heit, -keit and -schaft are feminine. That leads to the situation that the word "Mannschaft" (team) is feminine although it only consists of the word for man and the ending. Another "rule": all nouns with -chen or -lein as last syllable are neuter. Why? That's why! There really is no logic. Do not try to find one. This essentially leaves you with the need to learn the gender with every noun, i.e. instead of just Apfel you have to memorize der Apfel.
In my opinion calling the different articles masculine, feminine and neuter raises more problems than it solves (and that is the case for French, Spanish, etc. as well), but is the established way to classify it.
Just think of it as 3 different kinds nouns the r-nouns, the e-nouns and the s-nouns. Correspondingly they have the definite articles der , die and das . Later that will help you when you have to do things like for example inflect adjectives:
Like "ein schöner Mann", "eine schöne Frau", "ein schönes Kind"
This explains it much better than I ever could:
Don't know if you're still learning German, Cass2286, but I came upon a useful post on this topic recently. If you haven't memorized every German word yet, it may come in handy.
Who knows, perhaps you'll see some patterns in some other classifications and develop your own system for making your best guess. Short of memorizing every word in the dictionary, it sounds like a good idea!
Because "Apfel" is singular in this sentence. "der Apfel" = the apple; "die Äpfel" = the apples.
subject is doing something to the object...when that happens der becomes den and ein becomes einen
Because "Apfel" is masculine. "Things" can be masculine or feminine in German as well, not just neuter.
I got this wrong as I didn't also choose "You have the apple".... I'm not quite sure why I was wrong, I thought "haben: would always refer to a group?
When the verb is ending with -en then its Sie, and when it doesnt end with -en then its sie.
What is the difference between she and they it is so confusing for me please explain thanks
"Sie haben Den Apfel" how do i know that it is "They" and not "She" in this case?
If it was she, the be third person singular form of the verb would be used (Sie hat den Apfel).
Look at the verb ending. "She" would have a "t" ending while "they" would have a "en" ending
Actually, it seems that it could be either. The conjugation for the formal Sie and the sie (Meaning "they") is the same, right?
Because in this sentence, the apple is the object. You would use der in a sentence like "Der Apfel ist rot", because in that sentence the apple is the subject
Why isn't it "They are having an apple"? Do we have to use "sind" for "are"?
No, it shouldn't.
1) Standard German doesn't distinguish between the simple and the progressive aspects. For this reason, a sentence like "Er geht" can be translated as either "He goes" or "He is going", depending on the context.
2) However, some English verbs change their meaning when they're used in the progressive aspect, e.g. "to have": "He has an apple" (in his cupboard) vs. "He is having an apple" (= He is eating an apple). The German verb "haben" doesn't have this second meaning: it doesn't mean "to eat". For this reason, it can't be translated using the progressive aspect in English.
1) Sie haben den Apfel. = They have the apple. OR: You [formal singular + plural] have the apple.
The formal "you" (Sie) is used to address one person or several people formally, e.g. adult stranger(s).
2.) Ihr habt den Apfel. = You [familiar plural] have the apple.
For the familiar "you", there are two words: "du" (familiar singular) and "ihr" (familiar plural; y'all). "Du" is the familiar address for one person; "ihr" is the familiar address for several people. The familiar forms are used to address e.g. close friends, family members or children. The familiar forms are also used among students and in most Internet forums.
I was marked wrong for answering "They have the apple.", and was told the correct answer was "They have that apple.". Confused
I had the same thing, then I see the top of this page has "the apple" as expected - I suggest reporting it since at least three of us have seen that message.
Why is it not "der" instead of "den"? I know it is accusative but in this sentence the apple doesn't receive the action, "they" just "have" the object. Can anyone help me, please?
it is just a form of Article (Der/Das/Die/Den = The) which appears according to gender+numbe+case. Nominative: Das = neuter , Der = singular+masculine , Die = singular+feminine/ Plural+All. Accusative: Den = singular+masculine :) (here, apple is a masculine word, ...but don't ask me why :P :) ). ...... *** but i don't think it means "that"
Can we say also Sie haben einen apfel ?? Why exactly den Why den and not der or die ?
it is just a form of Article (Der/Das/Die/Den = The) which appears according to gender+numbe+case. Nominative: Das = neuter , Der = singular+masculine , Die = singular+feminine/ Plural+All...... Accusative: Den = singular+masculine :) (here, apple is a masculine word, ...but don't ask me why :P :) )