"What does it consist of?"
Translation:Ça consiste en quoi ?
Still maintain that ''de quoi consiste-t-il'' is an acceptable translation for ''What does it consist of''. I have never, in my entire francophone life in Québec heard someone ask ''en quoi consiste-t-il'' when they were asking, say, ''what are the ingrediants of this stew?''
That may just be a regional peculiarity, and then again I may just be making this up, but I think I need a bit more elucidation regarding the pourquoi of it all!!! (thanks. really!!)
I realize I did not answer about "what are the ingredients of this stew ?"
- En quoi consiste ce plat ?
Il consiste en deux ingrédients principaux: ...
En quoi consiste ton mot de passe ?
Il consiste en 7 signes, 3 lettres et 4 chiffres.
En quoi consiste la campagne publicitaire ?
- Elle consiste en une combinaison d'annonces dans la presse et d'affiches extérieures.
This is extremely helpful. Thank you for your time here.
On the Ideas and concepts plane, I completely understand your point and will adopt it. (edited to add: even though, on rereading your examples, they mostly all seem very foreign and ''wrong'' to me)
I do have to say however, that when talking of physical objects (ie. potatoes and carrots), I would most probably still continue (outside of Duolingo, of course) with 'de quoi', given that the answer here would always be ''¨Ça consiste des patates et des carrotes, etc.¨' and even ''il consiste de deux ingrédients principaux''.
Now. That said, I have just looked for supporting evidence on the internet and have come up empty handed.
My unilingually-francophone neighbour, on the other hand, agrees with me.
Vive le français Québecois!!! :-)
You and your neighbor are not imagining things! http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/fra/ae/demande/droit_responsabilites.shtml, http://www.canadavisa.com/fr/proving-french-language-ability-tef.html and loads of other examples on googling Quebec "consiste de"
This is what our Larousse says:
- Reposer sur quelque chose, résider dans quelque chose : En quoi consiste mon erreur ?
- Consister en (+ nom) : le mobilier consiste en un lit et une armoire.
- Consister dans (+ nom) : « le bonheur consiste [...] dans l'exercice de nos facultés appliquées à des réalités » (H. de Balzac). Cette construction est littéraire et légèrement vieillie.
- Consister à (+ infinitif) : son travail consiste à accueillir les clients.
In other words, "consister de" is not even an option in France's French.
Thanks for this discussion. Occasionally the duolingo answers seem completely and utterly wrong to me, and I can't figure out why. I had considered the possibility that it is because I've mostly been exposed to Canadian French (I'm an anglo New Brunswicker), and it's nice to get some verification that I'm not just pulling my answers out of thin air - they did come from somewhere (even if Duolingo and Sitesurf consider them wrong).
Sorry, "de quoi consiste-t-il ?" is not correct.
Verb "consister" needs "en" not "de".
In English "consist of" may have pushed our Canadian cousins to change the preposition?
"En quoi consiste-t-il/elle ?" is the right question to know about the details of a new concept/idea.
The trick is with the answer (the dialogue is a bit silly, sorry) with a new change of preposition if the object is an infinitive verb:
J'ai un plan pour acheter de bons légumes.
En quoi consiste-t-il ?
Il consiste à les acheter directement à la ferme.
"De quoi consiste-t-il" is COMPLETELY INCORRECT. Just think about French language that it is that way : "What does it consist in?" and not "What does it consist of?". We say "en" in French (which would be "in" in English if you want a literal translation).It is not because "of" means literally "de" in French that it shall be translated like that in French. Remember that languages aren't built the same way so literal translation shall not work in any case.
'Consiste de' just feels right to the native English-speaker. My hint to eradicate 'de' and implant 'en:' See 'consiste' and think of the English word 'consistent' -- 'consiste' consistENtly requires 'en.' Convoluted yes, and when I have the verb construction down (per Sitesurf above), I will, of course, discard this particular set of language training wheels...
A cedilla attached to a C will allow to pronounce that letter as an S in front of the following vowels: A, O, U.
- "ça" is the abbreviation of "cela", so it is logical that it keeps its S sound, that is natural in "cela".
- un garçon -> masculine of "garce" which is ancient French for "girl" (same reason as above)
- une gerçure (skin cracking) -> substantive of verb "gercer" (same reason as above)
Ah, mockery of the English and all their silly rules :) But if that was a joke, then I'm back to not understanding why my attempt was wrong.
What do you mean "never push a preposition away from the verb"? Isn't that exactly what is done in this sentence? The verb (consiste) is at the opposite end of the sentence from the preposition (en).
Because "qu'est-ce que" is used only when the verb is directly transitive.
If the verb is constructed with a preposition, you have to place the proposition upfront and change "que" to "quoi":
- qu'est-ce que tu dis ? = what are you saying? - dire qqch
- de quoi parles-tu ? = what are you talking about? - parler de qqch
- à quoi penses-tu ? = what are you thinking of? - penser à qqch
- en quoi cela consiste-t-il ? = what does it consist of? - consister en qqch