Could it be the 'een cat ligt op de bank' or 'er' is necessary here? Whay difference does 'er' make to the sentence
I think "er" emphasizes that "cat" as indefinite which should be paid less attention. Correct me if I'm mistaken
Good question. To me, it's perfectly normal (in Duo-world, at least) for a cat to be at a bank, perhaps making a deposit, or even robbing it. That's the word I used, and I was marked wrong. And let me say how disappointed I am.
In portuguese the word 'banco' has the same two meanings and we don't misunderstand their use...
Since both are de-words, I believe the only way to figure it out is through the ''context" i.e. through the other words.
Yes, we have to do the same in English, after all. A bank could be a river bank or the bank where you go to withdraw money -- context is everything.
Gasan, the literal translation would be "there (er) lies a cat on the couch." While this is correct english grammer, it sounds a little archaic (:
Anyone care to weigh in on the difference between 'laying' and 'lying'? I'm thinking transitive vs. intransitive...
"Laying" (to lay) is used when you are laying something down:
- I lay the book on the table.
- He laid the clothes down on the bed.
- She has been laying the keys in the wrong place for weeks.
"Lying" (to lie) is the act of lying down:
- I am lying in bed.
- He was lying on his stomach.
- You lie in bed all day an do nothing!
In Dutch, these verbs are: "leggen/to lay" and "liggen/to lie":
- Ik lig in mijn bed (I am lying in my bed)
- Ik leg de sleutels op tafel (I lay/put the keys on the table)
I hope that helped! Happy learning!
and why not "there is a cat under the couch", when the dutch say "ligt", it can mean anything, even standing on its head, and that anything can be perfectly translated by the english "is"
No, "liggen" really means that the cat is lying. In English, this can be translated as either "lying"/"lies" or "is". However, "op de bank" does not mean "under the couch" but "on the couch". That's why "there is a cat under the couch" does not work.