"midge" is accepted as an answer (culicoides impunctatus - the highland midge, which is common in Norway near water, as it is in Scotland). I don't think we get real mosquitoes (species of anapheles or aedes) in Northern Europe.
The term "midge" is used wordwide in English speaking countries to name a host of different small flies that are not all closely related. Some bite, some don't. So "midge" means different things to different people.