https://www.duolingo.com/Clive.Thomas

Jou and Jouw

Clive.ThomasPlus
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I am stumped. There has to be a rule for this, but I'm simply guessing, and most of the time I seem to guess wrong.

Can anybody tell me when it is Jou and when it is Jouw, and why?

3 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/xMerrie
xMerrie
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'Jou' is the objective form of 'jij'; which in English is also 'you'. So I can see why that one is difficult.
'Jouw' is the possesive of 'jij'; which is 'your' in English.

  • We hebben jou gezocht - We have looked for you
  • Jouw hond is schattig - Your dog is cute
  • Jouw hond houdt van jou - Your dog loves you
3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Clive.Thomas
Clive.ThomasPlus
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So obvious once clearly stated. I just couldn't figure it. Thank you for that.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/xMerrie
xMerrie
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Welcome! If you need help with something else, feel free to ask! :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Clive.Thomas
Clive.ThomasPlus
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Thanks, much appreciated. I have several small problems. I will take you up on your offer over the next weeks. The first one that comes to mind is We vs. Wij, and Je vs. Jij. Can't tell whether they are equivalent, or there is some rule for usage.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/xMerrie
xMerrie
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No problem! :)

'Jij/je', 'zij/ze' and 'wij/we' are the same. They both mean 'you' (sing. informal), 'she/they' and 'we'. The difference is the emphasis. 'Jij', 'zij' and 'wij' are emphasised, while 'je', 'ze' and 'we' are not, meaning that a different word in the sentence is emphasised.

They are interchangeable, with the exception of a few cases where the emphasis is always on (e.g.) 'you', so you need to say/write 'jij'.
Also, 'jij' needs to be said only once or twice in a conversation to know that 'you' is emphasised.

  • Jij fietst naar school - You are cycling to school, but I...
  • Je fietst naar school - You are cycling to school. ('School' is emphasised in this case; or 'fietst' depending on the intonation)
  • Wij eten vis - We are eating fish, and they are not. (e.g.)
  • We eten vis - We are eating fish

For example, in these cases you have to use the emphasised form:

  • Ik ben groter dan jij (bent) - I am taller than you (are)
  • Zij/ze zijn sneller dan wij (zijn) - They are faster than us (/than we are)
  • Hij is even oud als zij (is) - He is as old as she is

There are a few more, but those depend on the context. So I would not worry about that too much. ;)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Clive.Thomas
Clive.ThomasPlus
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Thanks. I sort of get the implication. Not completely obvious at this point, but will pay attention to examples and try to get a grip on it. Of course I understand what you are saying, just not entirely sure yet how it translates into general usage.

3 years ago
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