all the seasons are masculine too (and the weather phenomena), and the moments of the day (except die Fru:hjahr and die Nacht) or everything that defines some process that is limited in time... hope you got the ideea :)
A good hint for the gender is the word ending, for example: since TAG is masculine , all words ending with TAG would be masculine as `well- SonnTAG, MonTAG, DiensTAG, and so on.
Yes. "I get Mondays off" means I don't have to work on Mondays. But please don't use it unless you have had some practice. If you say instead, "I get off on Mondays" you might get surprised looks. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/get+off, scroll down to "get off", see #6
That's a reasonable explanation, but the translation says "That Monday is off." and that is what I was asking about. It doesn't make sense to me
It is colloquial, as far as I know. It means I/you/we (depending on the context) don't have to work on Monday. A direct word-for-word translation doesn't work, so you'll just have to remember it... If you are uncomfortable with it, you can say equally well, " I don't have to work on Monday" and you won't come across as too formal. "That Monday is a holiday" will not usually work however, because that would mean no one needs to work on Monday. You'd say "That Monday is off" if for example you worked the night shift on Saturday and Sunday, so your boss gave you permission to stay home on Monday.
A common American statement would be "I (or we) have that Monday off" or that Monday is off would most often be taken as that Monday is unavailable which is opposite of what they are trying to convey That Monday is free would be the best answer
It is possible in English...the Monday is a holiday.
-"We have a three day weekend next week?!"
-"Yes, the Monday is a holiday."
"The Monday before last was her birthday."
Nevertheless, I think a better translation would be "This Monday is free". Duolingo accepted this phrase too.
It's also possible in the first page of the first book of the Harry Potter series: "the dull, gray Tuesday..." The Tuesday. :)