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  5. "Eine Schule ist ein Gebäude."

"Eine Schule ist ein Gebäude."

Translation:A school is a building.

October 9, 2015



What is the Difference between "Bau" and "Gebaude?"


(das) Gebäude = Building (Please put the dots on the a, it makes a difference to meaning as well as pronunciation. If you can't find the ä on your keyboard, use "ae", that is the accepted alternative).

(der) Bau = Building works (I.e. an unfinished building that is still in the process of going up). Bau also means "warren", as in where rabbits, badgers, groundhogs etc. live.


Thanks for using the word "warren," I had never heard it before and was confused because all I could think of was the politician.


In the U.S. we use the word den more often than the word warren


Why is it ein Gebaeude and not einen?


Two reasons.

First, Gebäude is a neuter word (das Gebäude), so in the nominative AND the accusative case it will be "ein Gebäude".

Second, even if Gebäude were masculine, it would still be 'ein' as the verb 'sein' (to be - sind, ist, seid, bin) equates two equal things, so the case stays nominative for both sides. Therefore Gebäude is in nominative case.

Hope this helps!


How is the dipthong "äu" pronounced? I can't tell if they are saying "eye" or "oy/oi" in "Gebäude."


It's pronounced 'oy'.


The IPA is: /ɔʏ̯/, which might help more. It's a glide between the German short vowels O→Ü.


Not really. A school can convene in a building, but the school is not the building.


This is language practice. If it's easier to find this phrase useful while disagreeing with the content, picture how you'd respond in German with correct grammar and vocabulary.


So gebauede is the same plural and singular?


That is correct.

ein Gebäude, zwei Gebäude "one building, two buildings"


Can a native German comment whether this is true in German. Does the word "Schule" refer to the school building, rather than school as a concept?


It can refer to both.

Ich gehe noch zur Schule "I still go to school" means that you're a schoolchild -- here Schule is a concept.

Die Schule ist abgebrannt "The school has burned down" refers to the building

And something like die Wiener Schule "the Viennese School" would refer to a kind of movement rather than a literal school.


What are the phonotactic rules that dictate when to spell a noun with äu vs eu?


It’s etymology, not phonotactics. A bit like “ee” versus “ea” in English.

Gebäude is related to bauen and so has äu.

Another example:

  • Täufling "person to be baptised" is spelled with äu because it's related to Taufe "baptism"
  • Teufling "little devil" is spelled with eu because it's related to Teufel "devil"

The pronunciation is identical.


"ein Gebäude" Sir, Gebäude is plural then how and why ein is used. we can use eine Gebäude.


Gebäude is plural

It has the same form in singular and plural.

das Gebäude = the building

ein Gebäude = a building

die Gebäude = the buildings

we can use eine Gebäude.

No -- Gebäude is neuter but eine is feminine.

There is no plural form of ein in German.


I think this is the first -e ended noun that is not die...


I think this is the first -e ended noun that is not die...

Haven't you come across der Käse or das Gemüse yet?

There are a number of neuter words in Ge...e -- das Gebäude, das Gemüse, das Gebirge, das Gelände, ... as well as nouns formed from verbs that generally express the idea of "the (constant) action of ..." as in das Gerenne, das Gekreische, das Getue, ....


I am bugged by the speaker's pronunciation of Schule. Shouldn't it be TWO syllables, with a schwa as the second syllable: SHOOL-uh? Why is he saying "SHOOL" in this recording?

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