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Why write "they are" if "they're" means the same? You can write it in the both ways. So in Spanish you can put the pronoun or delete it. If you use the pronoun you can know of who a text is talking about exactly, because some conjugations are the same (for example nosotros somos and nosotras somos, ella es and él es).
"Nosotros bebemos leche" is correct for any group that contains at least one male. However, Spanish usually leaves out the personal pronouns for yo, tú, nosotros/as, and vosotros/as (I, you (familiar), we, and you (plural familiar in Spain) because the verb ending shows what the pronoun should be (i.e., bebEMOS). "Bebemos leche" is what you would normally say, so you wouldn't need to worry about the gender composition of the group. Hope this helps.
No, it can't, each pronoun has got his own conjugation of the verb:
yo soy > I am
tú eres > you are
vos sos > you (South America) are
usted es > you (formal) are (usted is 2nd person, but is conjugated as 3rd person)
él es > he is
ella es > she is
nosotros somos > we (masculine) are
nosotras somos > we (feminine) are
vosotros sois > you (Spain, masculine) are
vosotras sois > you (Spain, feminine) are
ustedes son > you (Latin America. Formal in Spain. Ustedes is 2nd person, but is conjugated as 3rd person) are
ellos son > they (mascuilne) are
ellos son > they (feminine) are
This is not a question in spanish. In english, the word ordering changes in questions. There is no such thing in spanish. In spanish, the word order is free, unless it changes the meaning of the sentence. But some word orderings are more often than others, and changing the word order can change the emphasis.
Nosotros = a group of men. We (male)
Nosotras = a group of women. We (female)
Nosotros = a group of women and men. We (whatever)
See, almost all (not all, remember I said not all, I don't say all, just giving you a way to remeber the genders more easly) feminine (female) words end with A, and almost all (not all) masculine (male) words end with O.
Yes. "Female" is a noun. It's not a close synonym to "mujer". There are a lot of English synonyms for women. I think even "broad" is a closer to the mark than "female", but it would be weird if "Nosotros somos mujeres" meant "We are broads". For a few reasons. One of which is that "broad" is, confusingly, more commonly an adjective that a noun.
Broad is usually used as a semi-derogatory term in America; although there are worst terms for women :).
The moral of the story is context and specificity. Like said above, female can mean any species; not just human. Yes, I know what you mean if you say female, but the purpose of learning is to teach you the most formal way to do something. You can use informal/slang conversation later :)
As posted above, 'eres' addresses a single listener [2nd person singular] in familiar way. The subject you indicate is a 'we' [1st person plural] which uses different conjugation (somos).
Spanish uses a unique conjugation form for each subject just as English uses 'am' only for 'I' in 'to be' (you just can't say we am women, right?).
Duolingo is forgiving on some misspelling, however when you change the word or context, then they will mark it wrong. After after "we are woman" is not a correct sentence agreement in English. Also, the purpose of this lesson is to learn plural forms, so woman vs women is important :)