"The cat plays with the girl."
Translation:Die Katze spielt mit dem Mädchen.
Do you mean address or stress? I'd say both can be fronted or extraposed to the end of the sentence. Think of "Children, eat your eggs!" and "Eat your eggs, children!". The standard word order is subject predicate object. If you say, "[Mit dem Mädchen] [spielt] [die Katze]." it is object (prepositional object) predicate subject. Different word order -> (slightly) change in meaning.