"The car did not pass inspection" and "the car did not pass the inspection" are both acceptable English, I think, just not interchangeable. "The inspection" would be appropriate if you were referring to a discrete event--I took my car in for the state-mandated emissions test today and it did not pass the inspection. Inspection without the article would be appropriate in a more general sense--I didn't buy the car because it did not pass inspection (my mechanic looked at it and found five things wrong with it).
I agree with half of that. I think when talking to a friend about an unofficial 'looking at', you would be more likely to say "it didn't pass inspection" but I believe that both "the inspection" and "inspection" without the article are fine even when talking about an official inspection, especially in a sentence where you've already made it clear that it's an official inspection.
Grammatically, they both seem fine, it might just depend on whereabouts in the world you are. I never say 'inspection' when talking about cars anyway, I say 'M.O.T.' and that definitely requires the article because it's an actual certificate whereas 'inspection' isn't.
Que significa las dos palabras? In English, a car must be approved after inspection. Review (called revision by my spanish-speaking students) is when I revisit or reteach a topic that they have already learned. The English word revision means that you have changed/updated/revised something (like a paper or document.)
why do they translate "revisión" as "inspection"? It is confusing as "revision/review" does not really, in a practical sense, mean the same as "inspection" in english and "revisión" does not seem to be translated as "inspection" anywhere else. Why not use "inspeccion" for "inspection" if that is what is being said??
Why are the Spanish phrases so mundane compared to the oddly bizarre Hungarian phrases? Why don't the Spanish phrases have flying kindergarten teachers and long, needlessly complex sentences? Perhaps I should instead be wondering why the Hungarisn lessons do have those odditues. LOL