Spanish and French tenses
Hi please can somebody explain the tenses e.g imperfect, perfect, present all of them , how you use them like how to form them and when you use them as i keep getting mixed up especially perfect and imperfect as i dont understand the difference. Also past and present participles in french and spanish please help!!!!
ik ppl r upvoting but nobody is commenting please help me !!!!!!!!!!!!! i will give lingot to a person who answers
Present: What is happening right now.
Imperfect: One of the two simple past tenses (the other being pretérito in Spanish and passé simple in French, though the passé simple isn't usually used). Used to express a continuous, ongoing, or incomplete action in the past.
Perfect: A type of verb that expresses a completed action. Requires the past participle. In English, these are the "I have done, I will have done, I had done, etc..." verbs. There are several tenses of perfect verbs: Present, past, future, and conditional (maybe others, but they are not really used). Perfect tenses require an auxiliary verb (haber in Spanish and avoir or être in French).
In Spanish, imperfect means the action has not been completed. It is perhaps still going on, happened for an indefinite amount of time, or occurred habitually in the past. Perfect tenses imply completion. However, so does the preterite tense, which is the Spanish simple past tense. See this and the subsequent lessons for more help on this.
In French, imperfect and perfect follow basically the same rules. However, since the passé simple is not normally used, the passé composé (present perfect) is also used as the simple past tense in addition to its function as the present perfect. So "J'ai vu" would mean "I saw" or "I have seen," depending on context.
Past participle: Used in combination with the conjugated auxiliary verb to form a perfect tense.
Yo he hablado = I have spoken
J'ai parlé = I have spoken
Present Participle: In English, this is the "-ing" form of the verb (Note: When used as an adjective, this form is just called a participle. When you used the "-ing" form as a noun, it is called a gerund.)
In Spanish, this is the "-ndo" form of the verb, used mostly like in English. When used with the verb estar, it forms the present progressive tense. It can also be used on its own, in which case it is called the gerundio (which is not the same as an English gerund. A conjugated verb can never be used as a noun in Spanish.) See this for extra explanation.
Yo estoy hablando = I am talking
Tomando un refresco, ella abrió la puerta = Drinking a beverage, she opened the door
French, to my knowledge, does not use a separate present progressive tense; the simple present expresses this. I found this which will explain things much better than I could.
Hope this helps!!