There is no difference -- the two look, sound, and smell the same.
Usually, you don't have to tell the difference anyway, since nearly always, only one gender will make sense -- and where it could make a difference (e.g. ein Tor, ein Laster), context will usually make it clear which meaning is meant -- just as with nouns that have more than one meaning but the same gender, or like someone who needs to buy "a new pen" in English: if it's a farmer whose pig just broke out of its enclosure, you'll understand it differently from if it's a schoolchild who can't write any more.
ein is used for grammatically masculine nouns (ein Mann "a man", ein Löffel "a spoon") as well as for grammatically neuter nouns (ein Kind "a child", ein Mädchen "a girl", ein Messer "a knife").
eine is used for grammatically feminine nouns (eine Frau "a woman", eine Gabel "a fork").
Note that all nouns have a grammatical gender, not just ones referring to humans, animals, or other living creatures (e.g. "fork" is feminine, "spoon" is masculine), and that grammatical gender and natural gender do not always match (e.g. Mädchen "girl" is grammatically neuter, Person "person" or Geisel "hostage" are grammatically feminine even if the person is male).
Also, those are the forms used in the nominative case, used e.g. for the subject of a sentence or coming after "du bist/ihr seid/er ist/...".
In other cases (e.g. the accusative for a direct object), the forms can change - but Duo will teach that when they come up.
Ein is used for the male gender and Eine is used for the female gender.( generally)
I understand the main reasons for most of the uses of the word"the" but why so manyyy
It's just the way German, and many other languages work. There are quite a few other languages that specify words based on gender.
is it any different between child and kid? if it isn't I can answer it by either child/kid
"kid" is more informal, colloquial. It is not completely equivalent to "child".
So, I make my point.. I can use both child or kid, even child is more preferable
Say the English word "do". And that's it!
More or less. The English "do" is halfway between the German du and dü (but most Germans dispute tis becaus the are taught that they are the same in school).
Oh, okay. I see; personally I would round my lips like when whistling.
This sentence has two meanings: you are a kid___ you have a kid Am I right?
Du bist ein Kind = "You are a child".
I'd say that's the most accurate translation. It's the only one that comes to my mind - I'm not sure which, of any, "less accurate" but still valid translations you might be thinking of.
This is a fairly simple sentence and maps very straightforwardly to English:
- du = you (when speaking to one person whom you know well)
- bist = are (verb form for du)
- ein = a(n)
- Kind = child
du bist ein kind = you are a child ihr seid ein kind = you are a child whats the difference in usage?
du bist ein Kind = you are a child. You would use this form when you are talking to one young person (or one person whom you know well) and saying that that person is a child.
ihr seid ein Kind = you are a child. You would use this form when you are talking to several young people (or several people whom you know well) and saying that all those people together are one child.
ihr seid ein Kind doesn't make sense, because several people together cannot be one child.
Very theoretically, Ihr seid ein Kind could also be used if you are speaking to one person who is part of a royal family, and you are saying that this royal person is a child.
But in practice, this use of Ihr for politeness is pretty much extinct nowadays.
The usage of ein is just because kid is neuter or masculine..can someone help me!!
Philip Newton! Your explanations are very helpful. I am fluent in Arabic, English and Urdu. I'm trying to learn German now a days. Looking forward to get a lot of help from you in that.
What is the German word for "it"?
But depending on the grammatical gender of the thing you are talking about, it can also be er or sie.
For example, Was macht der Hund? Er schläft. Was macht die Katze? Sie trinkt. Das macht das Pferd? Es frisst. "What is the dog doing? It's sleeping. What is the cat doing? It's drinking. What is the horse doing? It's eating."
While er ist and er isst sound the same, du bist "you are" and du isst "you eat" sound different, so no confusion should be possible.
Because of a phenomenon called Auslautverhärtung (final consonant devoicing) -- sounds at the end of a word are devoiced and so final -b -d -g sound like -p -t -k.
Thus, for example, Tod and tot sound identical, and Kind sounds like Kint.
In the spirit of experimentation, I answered "Thou art a child." Now, the second person singular pronoun and verb form are archaic in English, and used typically only in religious contexts, but very strictly speaking are not incorrect ... (?)
Possibly. But "thou art" and "he hath" and the like are not accepted, since they are - as you said - not the natural way to express this for most native English speakers. Please use standard written (modern) English, with neither "thou art" nor "I'mma".
du bist is "you are" when you are talking to one person whom you know well.
ihr seid is "you are" when you are talking to several people whom you know well.
Sie sind (with capital Sie) is "you are" when you are speaking formally or politely, to a person or people whom you do not know well. (No difference between one person or many people here.)
sie sind is "they are".
You have to use bist because the subject is du.
A bit like in English -- if you use "I", you have to say "am"; you cannot say "I is" or "I are".
Similarly, if you use du then the verb form will be bist -- du bist = you are (when you are speaking to one person).
Yes, that is indeed wrong.
Please use standard written English on the Duolingo course, where the pronoun "I" is capitalised and the pronoun "you" is spelled with three letters, not just one.
Because it is a noun. All nouns are capitalised in German.
This is mentioned in the tips and notes for the very first unit... if you haven't been reading the tips and notes, I recommend that you start doing so.
For most users, they're only available on the website https://www.duolingo.com/ , not in any mobile app. Select a unit, then click on the little lightbulb icon in the window that pops up:
In this case, it's the same as in English:
The statement has the verb in the second place, after the subject: Du bist ein Kind. "You are a child."
The yes/no question has the verb at the beginning: Bist du ein Kind? "Are you a child?"
Roughly the same as between "I" and "me" or "we" and "us" -- du is the nominative form, used for the subject of a verb and dich is the accusative form, used for the object of a verb or after some prepositions.
Can some one help me what is the different about this word? Ein and Eine I don't get it?
There seems to be a glitch in the spoken German. In one iteration, the speaker pronounces it correctly, "kint," but when I select the word from the options, it pronounces it like English "kind," i.e., "kynd" or "kaind."