Ihr/Ihre are possessive adjectives. In german, adjectives are changed based on how many people are being described or the gender of the thing described. Generally, if a word ends in "e" it is a feminine word. With, of course, the exception of the dative case, but that would take to long to explain. Their are many great sources you can find to help you with genders of possessive adjectives, just look up "german possessive adjectives quiz"
Let's make it easy, from my understanding (for possessive): ihr, ihre = both meaning "her" (for girl), if this girl has something female like "Katze" we use "Ihre", but if this girl has something male like "Vogel-bird" we use Ihr, e.g.: Das ist ihr Vogel = That's her bird. Das ist ihre Katze = That's her cat.
Another meaning for Ihr is your, this is used only in some cases like to show respect to someone, or when your talk to someone you don't know. But the "i" letter must be capitalized in these cases.The same format applies here:
Das ist Ihr Vogel = That's your bird. Das ist Ihre Katze = That's your cat.
Hope this is helpful !
- ihr Messer (her knife, n), ihr Löffel (her spoon, m), ihre Gabel (her fork, f), ihre Messer/Löffel/Gabeln (her knives/spoons/forks, pl)
- unser Messer (our knife, n), unser Löffel (our spoon, m), unsere Gabel (our fork, f), unsere Messer/Löffel/Gabeln (our knives/spoons/forks, pl)
- euer Messer (your [pl] knife, n), euer Löffel (your [pl] spoon, m), eure Gabel (your [pl] fork, f), eure Messer/Löffel/Gabeln (your [pl] knives/spoons/forks, pl)
your [pl] means: plural you, two or more people
"ihre" can't mean "his". But "ihr" and "ihre" can both mean "her" depending on the gender of the corresponding noun:
- Ihr Rock [masculine] ist grün. Her skirt is green.
- Ihre Tasche [feminine] ist gelb. Her bag is yellow.
- Ihr Kleid [neuter] ist blau. Her dress is blue.
- Ihre Augen [plural] sind braun. Her eyes are brown.
Please be aware that "ihr" can also be a personal pronoun meaning you (all): Ihr spielt Schach. You are playing chess.
Because "Ihre" can mean "your" (the formal form of "deine"), but it can also mean "her". Usually, the "her" ihre is written with lowercase "i", and the formal you with uppercase "I", but at the beginning of a sentence both are with "I" of course.
Generally the difference between "Ihre" (meaning "you", not "her") and "deine" is the level of formality. "Ihre" is used for people you adress with "Sie" (i.e. for people you are on a formal basis with, e.g. strangers, your boss), while "deine" is used for people you are on a "du" basis with (friends, family, ...).