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Can someone clarify present tense verb endings?

I'm kind of learning some of this by osmosis but I'm getting confused now.

As I see it the basic structure for present tense verbs are: I - o, eg cocino, tengo. You - es, eg tienes, comes We - mos, eg comemos, tenemos They - en, eg comen

But I'm getting totally baffled with "to have".

When do you use tiene, tienes and tienen?

January 6, 2013



There are three types of infinitives in Spanish, ending in either "ar', "er" or "ir". Cocinar, for example, is one ending in "ar". Its endings, because it's regular, in the present tense are "o, as, a, amos, ais (with an accent on the a) an". Endings are different for both the "er" and "ir" verbs. Tener is an "er" verb, but it's irregular so it's tengo (I have), tienes (you singular familiar have), tiene (he, she it has, you singular formal have), tenemos (we have), teneis (accent on the second e)(you-all familiar have - this form not used in Latin America) tienen (they, you all have). Pls. forgive my not adding the accent marks. BTW, this post emphasizes my contention that users of Duolingo would benefit from having a grammar text available, either in Duolingo itself or in hard-copy.


I am aware of a "conjugate" button for verbs in the lessons simply by mousing over to expose the dictionary hints for the words. [ I deliberately peek most of the words in a given sentence, because I am looking for the best interpretation of the sentence. Then I decide to what degree I translate directly or if the sentence requires some judgment.] I assume you are aware of the Vocabulary page in which you can actually practice specific words-and gain points.

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