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Slow Finnish - Chapter 7b - Tervetuloa

Possessiivipronominit - The possessive pronouns

The Finnish possessive structure consists of two parts: The possessive pronoun and the possessive suffix. The suffix is compulsory, but the pronoun is often dropped. In the 3rd person singular and plural, the pronoun is used when the possive pronoun is an attribute of a subject.

  • (minun) koira-ni my dog
  • (sinun) koira-si your dog
  • hänen koira-nsa his/her dog
  • (meidän) koira-mme our dog
  • (teidän) koira-nne your dog
  • heidän koira-nsa their dog

Words that end with -nen, need -se-. Hevonen, horse.

  • (minun) hevoseni my horse
  • (sinun) hevosesi your horse
  • hänen hevosensa his/her horse
  • (meidän) hevosemme our horse
  • (teidän) hevosenne your horse
  • heidän hevosensa their horse

Adjective attributes do NOT need a possessive suffix.

  • (minun) onnellinen koirani my happy dog
  • (sinun) uusi hevosesi your new horse
  • hänen vanha autonsa his/her old car

When the possessive pronoun stands alone, the possessive suffix is not needed.

  • Vihainen koira on minun. The angry dog is mine.
  • Onnelliset lehmät ovat heidän. The happy cows are theirs.

Hyödyllisiä adjektiiveja - Useful adjectives

  • kuuma, -t hot
  • lämmin, lämpimät warm
  • kylmä, -t cold
  • makea, -t sweet
  • eloisa, -t lively
  • rauhallinen, rauhalliset calm
  • kaunis, kauniit beautiful
  • söpö, -t cute
  • soma, -t pretty
  • sievä, -t pretty
  • komea, -t handsome
  • ruma, -t ugly
  • tuhma, -t naughty
  • kiltti, kiltit nice, well-behaved, kind
  • pieni, pienet small
  • suuri, suuret large
  • iso, -t big
  • uusi, uudet new
  • vanha, -t old
  • nuori, nuoret young
  • märkä, märät wet
  • kuiva, -t dry
  • iloinen, iloiset happy, joyful
  • onnellinen, onnelliset happy, content
  • surullinen, surulliset sad
  • vihainen, vihaiset angry
  • halpa, halvat cheap
  • kallis, kalliit expensive

Harjoitus 1

Käännä englanniksi. - Translate into English.

  • Nimeni on Outi.
  • Hänen uusi autonsa on saksalainen.
  • Nuori lapsesi on iloinen.
  • Märkä koiramme on onnellinen.
  • Lehmänne on vihainen.
  • Heidän uusi kissansa on surullinen.
  • Hevoseni on kiltti.
  • Koirasi rakastaa minua.
  • Hänen kissansa antaa sen meille.
  • Suuri rekkamme on kuiva.
  • Pieni pullanne on makea.
  • Heidän lampaansa on rauhallinen.
  • Sikani on 7-vuotias.
  • Ranskalainen autosi on kylmä.
  • Koiramme odottaa meitä.
  • Söpöt koirat ovat minun.
  • Pienet kanat ovat hänen.
  • Tuhmat kissat ovat teidän.
  • Hevosenne auttaa teitä.
  • Lehmäsi etsii sinua.
  • Hänen koiransa istuu tässä.
  • Heidän rauhallinen sikansa nukkuu tuolilla.

Harjoitus 2

Käännä suomeksi. - Translate into Finnish.

  • The angry dogs are yours (singular).
  • Their wet cat is sleeping in the morning.
  • Our expensive car is from Germany.
  • Your (plural) lively cat is looking for them.
  • My new dog is helping me.
  • Your (singular) ugly pig is dry.
  • Her old horse is handsome.
  • The cute cow is theirs.
  • Their pretty sheep is looking for us.
  • Our small lorry is warm.
  • Your (plural) calm dog is sleeping.
  • My chicken is two years old.
  • Your (singular) cheap car is French.
  • Our new library is beautiful.
  • His pretty horse is standing on the bridge.
  • The kind sheep are ours.
  • My dog is looking for you (plural).
  • Our chicken is helping you (singular)
  • Your (plural) pulla is sweet.
  • His name is Risto.
  • Her new cat is naughty.
  • My young child is going to school at 7 o'clock.
  • I and my dog are coming from the park.
  • His cow loves me.

Let me know what you thought about the lesson. Should you have any questions or suggestions, please comment below. Here is a link to the previous lessons: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/10579104

Hei!

October 21, 2015

13 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

VASTAUKSET

Harjoitus 1

  • My name is Outi.
  • His/her new car is German.
  • Your young child is happy.
  • Our wet dog is happy.
  • Your cow is angry.
  • Their new cat is sad.
  • My horse is kind.
  • Your dog loves me.
  • His/her cat gives it to us.
  • Our large lorry is dry.
  • Your small pulla is sweet.
  • Their sheep is calm.
  • My pig is seven years old.
  • Your French car is cold.
  • Our dog is waiting for us.
  • The cute dogs are mine.
  • The small chickens are his/hers.
  • The naughty cats are yours.
  • Your horse is helping you.
  • Your cow is looking for you.
  • His/her dog is sitting here.
  • Their calm pig is sleeping on the chair.

Harjoitus 2

  • Vihaiset koirat ovat sinun.
  • Heidän märkä kissansa nukkuu aamulla.
  • Kallis automme on Saksasta.
  • Eloisa kissanne etsii heitä.
  • Uusi koirani auttaa minua.
  • Ruma sikasi on kuiva.
  • Hänen vanha hevosensa on komea.
  • Söpö lehmä on heidän.
  • Heidän sievä lampaansa etsii meitä.
  • Pieni rekkamme on lämmin.
  • Rauhallinen koiranne nukkuu.
  • Kanani on 2-vuotias.
  • Halpa autosi on ranskalainen.
  • Uusi kirjastomme on kaunis.
  • Hänen soma hevosensa seisoo sillalla.
  • Kiltit lampaat ovat meidän.
  • Koirani etsii teitä.
  • Kanamme auttaa sinua.
  • Pullanne on makea.
  • Hänen nimensä on Risto.
  • Hänen uusi kissansa on tuhma.
  • Nuori lapseni menee kouluun seitsemältä.
  • Minä ja koirani tulemme puistosta.
  • Hänen lehmänsä rakastaa minua.

Let me know if there are any mistakes in these.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Thank you, done.

This isn't a new topic for me, but I still forget to notice/add a suffix here and there. Hopefully it'll settle down soon. (Still not as bad as the Memrise lessons I'm currently fighting, with some partitive thrown in to make it more interesting.)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eino81
  • 2269

We have to also mention the spoken version (well, I use them a lot evey day): mun for minun, sun for sinun. E.g. mun kissani, or even shorter: mun kissa (my cat), sun autosi or sun auto (your car).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

I would like to point out that this is Helsinki dialect. People from other areas speak differently. I am from Savonia and would say

  • minun kissa
  • sinun kissa
  • hänen kissa
  • meijjän kissa
  • teijjän kissa
  • heijjän kissa

And this is just the tip of the ice berg. There is a lot of variation on this. What the spoken forms have in common is that the possessive pronoun is used but the possessive suffix is not. In other words, spoken language behaves in exactly the opposite way than the written language.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Johannes1111

Why is it

"Minä rakastan sinua",

but

"Minä tykkään sinusta".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eino81
  • 2269

Because in Finnish there are the so called "obligatory implications". Certain verbs have such an implication. For "rakastaa" that is Partitive (-a/-ä and some other), for "tykätä" that is Elative (-sta/-stä). In other example: There are two meanings for one verb, and the difference is the implication: if you know someone, totally, that will be "tuntea" + Accusative, but if feel someone that will be "tuntea" + Partitive. You have to learn these endings.

For me, as a Hungarian, it was strange in the beginning, that some ending is different in Finnish. Like when you buy something IN the shop, in Finnish you buy something FROM the shop. In Hungarian you go TO the school, in Finnish you go IN the school, etc.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scarcerer

Can you give an example sentence of "tuntea + partitive" as "to feel someone"? I have a hard time thinking of one.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eino81
  • 2269

Maybe it is not the best example, but the "feel tired" is "tuntea väsymystä". I thought, if I say "I feel you" would be with partitiivi, but I am not 100℅ now. Anyway, the word we use for "feel" in Hungarian is "tuntea" in Finnish...

I found this: "rakkaastani tunnen iloa" I feel joy from my loved one.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/scarcerer

"To feel [emotion]" definitely uses partitive but I think "I feel you" has a rather non-standard usage of "feel", so I wouldn't translate it as "tunnen sinua", probably not even as "tunnen + anything".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/eino81
  • 2269

Voi olla. I am not a native speaker, and I don't use such a sentence. All the examples found now showed like Tunnen + nominative or other.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elizawieslawa

Is there a difference between soma and sievä?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

There is not much of a difference between these two. I would say that sievä means pretty and is a bit more formal, whereas soma is pretty in a more cute way and is slightly (but only slightly) more informal.

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