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"Der Hund gibt einem Mann einen Apfel."

Translation:The dog is giving an apple to a man.

October 25, 2015



The dog gives a man an apple - can we say it like this?


Because Duo applies it as a mistake... few times :/


Please report it so that it can be added as an alternative.


I reported it Nov. 14, 2015.


As far as I can tell, "The dog gives a man an apple." should be accepted.

If you enter that sentence and it's rejected, please double-check what you wrote -- and it's it really is exactly the same, could you provide a screenshot, please?


@mizinamo how do you submit a screenshot? There's no way to do it here. Having a bad day on Duo with stuff rejected wrongly or without prior explanation. Want my hearts back!


"The dog gives a man an apple" is accepted now.


Would "The" in place of "a' work too?


Not as a translation of the German sentence.


I had a word selection question. "The dog is giving a man an apple" was correct, the word "to" was left unused


In your sentence, the indirect object "a man" comes before the direct object "an apple" so you don't need the "to" as it's an understood part of "give to". However, when you place the indirect object after the direct object you need to add the "to" - The dog is giving an apple to a man.


It just worked for me, thanks for taking the initiative everyone. :)


Duolingo stll saying "einem" must be "one" , not "a" on January 26, 2016. When i try to report i just get transferred to this discussion board


I see "einem = to an, to a, a" when I hover over "einem" in this sentence (20 Feb 2016).


Preposition TO is meant to be used for the direction. Some examples without and with TO: To pass (something) into (someone's) hand or the like. Give me your hand. On entering the house, he gave his coat to the doorman. Use English Vocabulary

[deactivated user]

    "The dog is giving a man an apple" Is the grammar wrong? :( i got marked wrong (not a native English speaker)


    It's correct.


    What's the difference between einem and einer??


    Einem is tha masculine dative article and einer is the feminine one


    And then he ate it??


    I think that dogs are omniverse so they might can eat apples...


    I don't know why you got downvoted. The word you're looking for is 'omnivore'. And yes, dogs can eat apples, just should not really eat the seeds. I believe they contain arsenic, and while a few seeds probably won't do anything drastic to them, it's not a good idea to allow them to eat much. Also, feeding dogs too much fruits/veggies isn't the BEST. In moderation, some is fine, keeping in mind that some fruits/veggies are toxic to canines.


    Cyanide, not arsenic.

    Well, amygdalin actually, which is converted to cyanide in the body.


    The dog is not going to eat the apple because he gave it to the man. I do not think that the man would be wise to eat it either after the dog got through slobbering over it.


    that man can get rabies if he eats it.


    Probably due to his incorrect English, which should not be the reason for such actions. Nobody knows everything. As to dogs, although living with humans they got used to omnivore diet, I haven't ever seen any dog eating apples nor sniffing them at all. Have you?


    Can I just say that almost none of the example sentences I encountered in the "genitive" lesson actually contain genitives? "Der Hund gibt einem Mann einen Apfel" is a great example of the indirect object––but that's the DATIVE, not the genitive. "Das ist ein Pferd"? "Eine Fliege ist ein Insekt"? None of these have genitives.


    It's a known bug - apparently, the course maintainers know why unrelated sentences show up in the genitives skill but they cannot fix that themselves. So we have to live with it for now.

    [deactivated user]

      Agreed. Most of them are simple nom+akk sentences.


      indeed. you're right!


      Would the sentence structure be correct if one were to write: Der Hund gibt einen Apfel einem Mann?

      "Einem Mann" would imply 'to a man' either way, right?


      It would be grammatically correct but unusual word order unless you want to stress that the dog gives the apple to a man (and not to a woman, for example).


      i dont really understand this. it sounds like it translates to "the dog is giving.." but its not.. someone explain why its like this?


      You did understand it correctly. It's just Duolingo having fun.


      Duo is a wild birdey :)


      FWIW my daughter has a dog that's obsessed with retrieving. Anything round is an item to be returned to the person throwing it. If a man throws an apple; and though he usually will give it to the man, sometimes "The dog gives an apple to a man." This only happens however when there's more than one man, and THE original man doesn't take back the apple. Because the dog is obsessed, he doesn't care who he gives it too; as long as they 'might' throw it again. ;-) He might even give it to a woman.


      "The dog is giving the man an apple." I reported the answer, but this is correct English, right? Wasn't sure if it wasnt a regional dialect thing on my end.


      That is a correct English sentence, but an incorrect translation of the German sentence.

      einem Mann is "a man", not "the man".


      @Trivvy: you seem to have reported this sentence:

      Dog gives a man an apple

      I'm not sure why you consider it "WTF" that Duolingo rejected it.

      der Hund = "the dog".

      You can't use just "Dog", as if that were its name.


      I realized that too late, my bad, I think it was one of those where you select the words rather than write it out yourself. Sometimes I don't thumb a word in correctly despite thinking I did :/ It was a case of brain/eyes disconnection.


      The dog is giving to a man an apple. It said I'm wrong... But I'm not


      Your word order is unusual.

      I would say "The dog is giving a man an apple" or "The dog is giving an apple to a man".

      So the indirect object (the recipient) gets "to" if it's after the direct object but not if it's before the direct object.

      Putting the indirect object first and using "to", as you did, sounds funny to me in English.


      I wrote "the dog is giving to a man an apple" is this wrong? because it said incorrect


      I wrote "the dog is giving to a man an apple" is this wrong?

      Yes, it's wrong. Don't use "to" when the indirect object (the recipient) comes first.


      What is the difference between 'einer' and 'einem'? Is one masculine and one feminine? If so, is 'einem' masculine then? Thanks


      What is the difference between 'einer' and 'einem'? Is one masculine and one feminine?


      einem is masculine dative or neuter dative, einer is feminine dative.

      So you would say, for example, mit einem Hund (masculine), mit einer Katze (feminine), mit einem Pferd (neuter).


      Would "The dog gives to a man an apple" be acceptable?


      It should be but it sounds a little awkward. Try this. You "give" something "to" someone. "What" you give is the direct object, and "whom" you give it to is the indirect object. When the indirect object is placed before the direct object you can drop the "to" - so "The dog gives a man an apple". When the direct object is placed before the indirect object you need the "to" - so "The dog gives an apple to a man".


      may i ask question einem mann or einen apfel is a genitive case?


      Neither of them. einem Mann is dative case, einen Apfel is accusative case.


      Will it be correct to say: Der Hund gibt einen Apfel einem Mann


      I'd say it's correct but a bit unusual. You might use it if you want to focus "einem Mann" by putting it to at the end of the sentence for special emphasis -- The dog doesn't give an apple to a women, but to A MAN.

      The usual word order would be with the dative object in front of the accusative object unless the accusative object is a pronoun, in which case that comes first.


      That would be "Der Hund gibt einem Mann einen Apfel". And that would be one helluva smart dog!


      So indirect object (Der Man) gets dative while direct object (Der Apfel) gets accusative. Is it always like this?


      Yes, indirect object gets dative and direct object gets accusative :)

      Nearly always.

      There are a number of verbs which take just one object which is in the dative case even though it is the only object, such as glauben (to believe) or helfen (to help).

      I suppose you could analyse those verbs as having an indirect object but no direct object, but however you slice it, remember to use the dative with the single object of such verbs.


      Why is it einem and not einer? With a woman it is einer :/


      Exactly -- with feminine nouns, the dative case is einer, but with masculine or neuter nouns, the dative case is einem.

      So for example der Mann: einem Mann / der Löffel: einem Löffel (masculine); das Kind: einem Kind / das Messer: einem Messer (neuter); but die Frau: einer Frau / die Gabel: einer Gabel (feminine).


      Can someone explain to me why "gives a man an apple," isn't acceptable?


      You forgot to translate the subject der Hund (the dog).

      "The dog gives a man an apple" is accepted. (For a German-to-English translation exercise. Not, of course, for a "type what you hear" exercise.)


      the dog gives to a man an apple

      why is this not correct?


      "The dog gives an apple to a man" and "The dog gives a man an apple" are accepted.

      When the indirect object comes first, we don't usually use "to".


      Is it acceptable to say it in the following sentence order:

      Der Hund gibt einen Apfel einem Mann


      Not really.

      If there are two noun objects, the dative one generally comes first.

      This can sometimes be switched if the dative object is indefinite and is new information, because new information is sometimes put at the end of a sentence.

      But here the accusative object is also indefinite, and in this constellation, putting the dative object last sounds odd to me.

      It's not black and white, not completely wrong, but I'd say that in this sentence, it's more wrong than right.

      In general, put the dative object first if both objects are noun phrases.


      I don't see any mistake if I mean "A dog is giving to a man an Apple"


      If you put the recipient first, don't use "to".

      You can write:

      • A dog is giving a man an apple.
      • A dog is giving an apple to a man.

      But don't use

      • A dog is giving *to a man an apple.


      Could I change the order or would it be wrong? I mean: "Einen Apfel einem Mann" instead of "Einem Mann einen Apfel". Thanks


      Discussed aplenty already. Especially by mizinamo.


      What would change in the sentence if I changed ''a man'' to ''the man'' ?


      einem Mann would change to dem Mann


      I don't understand the dativ and accusative cases. Can anyone explain a bit. What is the difference. I can't tell whwn to use einen or einem etc.

      [deactivated user]

        Akkusativ, is a direct object, like:

        • I eat an apple, apple is the direct object, so in German ; ich esse einen Apfel.

        Dativ is an indirect object. Like,

        • I give an apple to a man, apple is the direct object, man is the indirect object. In that sentence Apple is accusative, man is dative. In German, ich gebe einem Mann einen Apfel.



        How is the sentence correct? When or how can we say" The dog is giving the man an apple"? That dog must be smarter than my brother (just joking).


        Almost the exact same way: "Der Hund gibt dem Mann einen Apfel." (dem instead of einem.)


        is it acceptable to say: der hund gibt einen apfel einem mann.

        In other words, does the position of the dative in the sentence really matter?


        The neutral word order is to have the indirect object (dative) before the direct object (accusative) if both of them are noun phrases.

        Sometimes, it is possible to change this word order if you want to emphasise the indirect object by putting it at the end, especially if it is new information (e.g. an indefinite noun phrase with "a" rather than a definite one with "the").

        So Der Hund gibt einem Mann einen Apfel. is the basic word order. (Note that the nouns have to be capitalised -- hund is not a German word. The capitalisation is part of the spelling.)

        Der Hund gibt einen Apfel einem Mann. is also possible, but has a different emphasis -- it means that the dog give an apple to a MAN (and not to someone else). You're emphasising the recipient.

        Der Hund gibt den Apfel dem Mann. is similarly possible if you want to say that "the dog gives the apple to the MAN" (and not to someone else).

        But Der Hund gibt einen Apfel dem Mann., for example, would sound very strange to me -- you have einen Apfel (indefinite noun phrase: new information) but then you put something else at the end to emphasise that rather than the new information.

        So -- in general, the position of the dative does matter.

        It is sometimes (but not always) possible to move it, but you would only do so if you wish to convey particular emphasis, not "just because you can"; the meaning does change a bit even if both sentences would be written the same in English (where emphasis is often conveyed only by changing your tone of voice).


        Just for kicks, I thought I'd translate it as: 'The hound gives a man an apple'. Apparently not acceptable.


        I think die Eule prefers to maintain a distinction between "hound" (a breed adept at hunting) and the more general "dog". I wish we occasionally saw sentences using Jagdhund to emphasize the point.


        My very old German book tells me that in the dative case masculine and neuter nouns may add -e in the dative case. Accordingly "Der Hund gibt einem Manne einen Apfel." should be accepted as well as "Der Hund gibt einem Mann einen Apfel." Now this might be something related to spelling before the spelling reforms of 20 years? Can anyone explain?


        Manne would now be unusual. See the note in this declension table which links to this commentary regarding Dativ singular -e.


        Is "The Dog gives an apple to a man" correct?


        Nearly correct -- "dog" is not capitalised in English.

        Other than that, it's a good translation and is also accepted.


        Why can'y it be: The Dog is giving the Man an apple?


        The sentence we're translating uses "einem Mann", not "den Mann".


        Nor even dem Mann :)


        Can someone please explain what is the reason why the man and the apple have different einen/m's? They're both masculine, or is that nor how you do it?


        I think this is the point of fhis -- otherwise stupid -- sentence, to show you the difference between masculine Dativ (dem Mann, einem Mann) and Akkusativ (den Apfel, einen Apfel).


        The dative case of singular articles is similar to the endings of "him" and "her".


        I'm confused.....I had put the dog is giving the man an apple and the answer is wrong


        I'm confused.....I had put the dog is giving the man an apple and the answer is wrong

        Indeed. einem Mann is "(to) a man" and not "(to) the man".


        The dog gives a man an apple was rejected


        The dog gives a man an apple was rejected

        That would surprise me. Do you have a screenshot?

        Upload it to a website somewhere (e.g. imgur) and tell us the URL of the image.


        I got "einem" and "einen" switched around! I have no idea what the difference is. In English we just say "a" or "an."


        The difference is that einem is Dativ and einen is Akkusativ. The former is used to mark the recipient of the direct object (the English equivalent is "to a") and the latter to mark the direct object itself.


        why not 'einen mann'?

        • There is no word mann in German; it has to be Mann with a capital M
        • einen would be masculine accusative -- used e.g. for the direct object. But the man is not the direct object here (the thing that is being given, the thing that "undergoes" the giving) but the indirect object (the recipient). Thus you need the dative case: einem Mann.


        Such an intelligent animal, but it is a little bit unhygienic. ;)


        ich möchte englisch lernen, was für einen Sinn ergibt es da wenn ich Sätze in deutsch aus der zweiten Klasse schreiben soll?


        Why isnt The dog gives an apple to a man. Accepted


        Why isnt The dog gives an apple to a man. Accepted

        It should be.

        If you have a screenshot showing that answer being rejected, please upload it to a website somewhere (e.g. imgur) and tell us the URL to the image.


        Why is it einen apfel and not ein apfel?


        Because der Apfel is, in this challenge, the direct object. Thus the article needs to be declined for Akkusativ (accusative case). Because Apfel is masculine, the indefinite article is einen. There are a lot of comments here about Akkusativ/accusative. If reading those doesn't help, please describe what's still confusing and I'll do my best to explain.


        So can you say "The dog is giving an apple to a man" in German or is it more correct to say "The dog is giving a man an apple." ?


        So can you say "The dog is giving an apple to a man" in German

        No, because that is an English sentence, not a German sentence.

        or is it more correct to say "The dog is giving a man an apple." ?

        That, too, is an English sentence.

        In German, they would both be translated most naturally as Der Hund gibt einem Mann einen Apfel.


        Is there any difference of pronunciation between einem and einen?


        Yes. Pretty much the same difference as between "ma'am" and "man" or "em" and "en" or "Pam" and "pan".


        can I type Der Hund gibt einen Apfel einem Mann??


        You certainly can. In fact, you did.

        But I suspect you're asking whether that would be an acceptable translation. The answer to that can be found in any one of the several responses mizinamo gave to others asking the exact same question. If any of those are unclear, please say so and someone will try to help you.



        @mizinamo how do you submit a screenshot? There's no way to do it here.

        That's right -- no way to upload it directly to a Duolingo comment, unfortunately.

        Instead, upload it to a website somewhere (e.g. imgur -- or something like Dropbox or Google Drive in a pinch, as long as the link is shareable / visible to the public), then put the URL to the image into a comment here.


        Is it even worth the bother? One rejected correct answer has been reported for 4 years and not sorted. A second one I wasn't even able to report. Jus kept saying an error occurred. Have been really enjoying Duo but Datie case exercise is dreadful. Errors and far too repetitive!


        Is it even worth the bother?

        It's a crapshot. It depends on whether someone who can do something about it happens to see it.

        But if you don't submit a screenshot or a report, then almost certainly nothing will happen.


        I submitted a report, if anyone is looking. Judging by the level of attention it has attracted so far I can't see that it's worth the faff of a screenshot. It should not be hard to go in and fix that


        I submitted a report, if anyone is looking.

        I'm afraid I don't see a report from the last day.

        It's possible that you made a mistake that was made often enough that such reports are automatically rejected.


        The whole Dative Case lesson needs looking at. The extent of repetition is excruciating. Exactly the same thing repeated ad nauseam. If other chapters were like that I wouldn't have got this far. Please flag it for attention


        The extent of repetition is excruciating. Exactly the same thing repeated ad nauseam.

        The choice of exercises (which sentences to pick to show next or how often) is some internal Duolingo algorithm that nobody I know has influence over.


        Why "einem" Mann? What are the different forms of eine


        Why "einem" Mann?

        The man is the indirect object of the verb (the recipient of the giving), so it needs the dative case.

        Mann is masculine.

        Thus you have masculine dative einem here.

        What are the different forms of eine



        I put that and it was not accepted. Both are correct in standard UK English


        How can a dog give an apple to a man?!


        Really? I can't get a misspelling credit for "Der Hund gibt einem Man einen Apfel"?


        I can't get a misspelling credit for "Der Hund gibt einem Man einen Apfel"?


        If a misspelling results in a real word, then it's counted as a full mistake -- mistaking "boat" for "boot", for example (which mean completely different things), or writing man instead of Mann (which are also different words in German).


        The dog gives the man an apple was flagged as false but the meanings are the same, no?


        The dog gives the man an apple was flagged as false but the meanings are the same, no?

        No; "the man" and "a man" do not mean the same thing.


        i put "the dog is giving the man 1 apple" and that was not correct but "the dog is giving one man 1 apple" was correct?


        "the man" implies that you are thinking of a specific man.

        But einem Mann in German does not have this meaning, so you have to translate it with "a man" or "one man" instead.


        What is it, a mellow attack of schizofrenia? First I translate something like, "was sagst du dem Vater" with "What did you tell TO the father" and it gets branded as an error because according to them the right way is: "What did you tell the father." All right, says I, it does sound better and who am I, an Italian, to question their English? Next I'm faced with the above mentioned sentence and, having learned from my previous mistake, my solution is: "The dog is giving the man an apple" but, was für eine überraschung, this time they do want the preposition TO thrown in! Thus THEIR way is: "The dog is giving an apple TO a man." Could you guys explain the reasons for this apparent idiosyncrasy?


        First I translate something like, "was sagst du dem Vater" with "What did you tell TO the father" and it gets branded as an error

        Right. "tell" works similar to "say to". You can't "tell to someone" in English.

        "The dog is giving the man an apple" but, was für eine überraschung, this time they do want the preposition TO thrown in!

        No; they want you to translate einem Mann as "a man", not "the man".

        You could have written "The dog is giving a man an apple."

        Unfortunately, Duo is not good at picking out which of the correct answers is closest to an incorrect answer that a learner writes, and so the correction might look as if it's correcting something else.

        You can say "The dog is giving a man an apple" or "The dog is giving an apple to a man" -- "to" is used if the recipient is after the direct object, no "to" if the recipient is before the direct object.


        I used a b instead of n. Thats it. I should have gotten it correct


        Perhaps by the time we get to level 17 we're not supposed to make mistakes anymore? It always pays to proofread your answer before hitting the Submit button.


        I don't know about that. Mixing up a "b" and an "n" cab make a whole lot of differebce. Here ib the states we have cities ob fire right bow in part necause of the N-word. It would be awful if we also had to neware the B-word.


        The audio bits are the most frustrating ons! Sometimes you have to shout all the words out, one by one, to have your answer accepted! At times it doesn't work at all and you end up with 10 rejected answers in a row despite getting them right...


        I typed exactly as given and yet was marked wrong


        Sometimes I wonder if ever these so-called mentors are paying attention to thenorder of words i.e: the man says or the man is saying. hwat is the difference when in German only oneis corredt and the translations differs, depending on what robot is in action. sometime, Duo is not all there.


        Not true, German has preferences for word order in some situations depending upon how it is written in English; but, German as a general rule determines the function of a phrase or clause by the case of the phrase or clause and so very often word order in German is not as critical as it is in English. These you will need to learn if you want to get proficient in German. I believe other posts cover all of this; I know because I've been here a few times until I understood this.

        I usually choose, when it's appropriate the "to the Man" or "to the Dog" as the first part of the German, and put the object "the apple" afterward. Duo will expect this without regard to the English; however, if you want to know when it's appropriate to do it the otherway, you will need to learn about case, Accusative, Dative or Genitive.


        my concern only why einen Apfel and not ein ( wher einen for M and ein for nutral of AKK )


        my concern only why einen Apfel and not ein ( wher einen for M and ein for nutral of AKK )

        Apfel is masculine.


        I'm not sure what AKK stands for. Both "Mann" and "Apfel" are masculine nouns, but "Mann" is in the dative case (indirect object) and "Apfel" is in the Accusative case (direct object). For singular masculine nouns In the nominative case use "ein", in the accusative case use "einen", in the dative case use "einem" and in the genitive case use "eines".


        "AKK" is an abbreviation for Akkusativ, the German spelling.


        ...in the genitive case use "eines"


        Thanks Galvan. I've corrected the error.


        The dog is giving the man an apple What is incorrect with this translation?


        The dog is giving the man an apple What is incorrect with this translation?

        Please read all of the comments before posting a new one.

        Searching for "giving the man" on this page turns up at least five people asking why that is wrong and five people telling them why it is wrong.

        If, after reading those explanations, you still do not understand, you're welcome to post here and say what you're still missing. But please don't just post without reading the existing answers first.


        Could you say the dog gives an apple to a man?


        Please look through the other comments. You will find your exact question asked and answered.


        Why is einem mann coming before einen apfel and not other way round?


        Why is einem mann coming before einen apfel and not other way round?

        I've already explained the word order several times on this page. What exactly are you still unclear about after reading the previous comments that made you post your question?

        Also, please pay attention to the correct spelling -- it has to be Mann and Apfel with capital M and A. There are no words mann or apfel in German. (Unfortunately, Duolingo doesn't check for capitalisation, but this is part of the spelling and if you want to learn German, not just play games on an app, you should learn this.)


        Why is there go?

        What do you mean? Where do you see "go" ?


        Once again Duo is using Dative examples BEFORE the Dative case is presented.


        The challenges (the sentences/phrases we are asked to translate or repeat) ARE the lesson. Using Dativ IS the presentation.


        I get "wrong", be the correct answer is identical with mine..


        Or perhaps you overlooked a typo (such as writing "be" instead of "but", or ending the sentence with two periods).


        Duo parsing engines don't see punctuation! BOCTAOE. Typos can but not always cause a sentence to be marked wrong.


        The dog is giving to a man an apple is incorrect? I understand it's a little clunky but how's it incorrect?


        Both the dog gives the man an apple and the dog gives an apple to the man are correct in English. Case closed. It is very frustrating to be marked wrong for one or the other. It's also inconsistent. At least if duo consistently picked one way and marked the other correct way wrong, I could deal with it and finish the lesson without errors.


        Perhaps if you were to answer "The dog gives a man an apple" or "The dog gives an apple to a man"--since the challenge concerns einem Mann and not dem Mann--then you wouldn't be marked wrong so much.

        [deactivated user]

          your hints say the dog is giving "an" man an apple! Please fix.


          your hints say the dog is giving "an" man an apple!

          No, they aren't.

          Don't mis-read the hints by assuming that the top-most one is always the correct one; that's not what they're for.


          Why doesn't 'The dog is giving the man an apple' work?


          Because "a man" is not the same thing as "the man".

          The German sentence has the dog given an apple to "a man" and not to "the man".


          Such stupid sentences don't make it easier to learn


          Such sentences may be nonsensical, but their intent is to teach us the grammar of the language, so they're not stupid. German grammar is not easy.


          I feel as if the 'stupid sentences' make it easier to remember things; because you'll think back to phrases that stand out as examples

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