https://www.duolingo.com/Jaime95

How different are Dutch and Afrikaans?

Jaime95
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I'm curious about how big are the differences between both languages, as far as I know Afrikaans is more simple that Dutch. Can they comunicate easily? or is Difficult

3 years ago

18 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Lelieblad

I showed my boyfriend (he's a native Dutch speaker) a video of a girl speaking Afrikaans and he understood most of it, so I guess they're not that different (for the reasons that Knoxienne has already explained).

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/charlotte_12

This is an interview of a South_African scientist speaking in Afrikaans about the historic relation between Dutch and Afrikaans (the interview is in Brussels, the interviewer speaks Dutch): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHWLG5rnf2M

I think every Dutch person can understand this without any problem (in fact for the average Dutch person this may be easier to understand than some dialects that are spoken in parts of the Netherlands).

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LelaBenet

Afrikaans is a much easier language than Dutch and it will sometimes seem closer to Belg than Dutch even though it originates from Dutch. Specifically the Dutch spoken in the southern parts of the Netherlands around the time Dutch settlers came to South Africa.] It's about 90 to 95% Dutch, the rest is made up of German, Portuguese, Malay and a few others. If you can speak Afrikaans, you can almost certainly completely understand Dutch, but it doesn't work so well the other way around. I'm Afrikaans and I have some Dutch friends online. In typing for me it's very easy to understand them, but in voice Dutch is spoken a lot faster than Afrikaans, so keeping up gets a bit more difficult then, but they have point out to me that in both typing and talking it gets a bit confusing when I speak/type. Reason for this is parts of Afrikaans is structured differently. Where they say "Een" for "A" and "An" in Afrikaans we say " 'n " and "Een" means "One" in Afrikaans. It's a simple example, but there is quite a few words that have different meanings in the two languages.

Hope this gives everyone an idea of the two very similar but very different languages :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sapphireoceanELF

I think they're similar enough that they could understand each other. I once knew a girl from South Africa who could talk to our Dutch gym teacher in their native languages and they understood each other perfectly well. :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Knoxienne
Knoxienne
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The grammar in Afrikaans is less complex than that of Dutch. The spelling is different, e.g., the substitution of "y" for "ij". There is also different pronunciation in vowels and dipthongs as indicated by accent marks. Further, there are loan words from other African languages which are not present in Dutch. A Dutch woman told me that Afrikaans reminds her of people singing, and also that it sounds a lot the way children speak when learning Dutch as their mother tongue.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lahure
Lahure
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Afrikaans evolved from Dutch when emigrants from that country arrived here (South Africa) in the 18th century. The word order between the two languages is the same, as well as most of the verbs (with the addition of t in Dutch at the end of most Afrikaans verbs).

I would also mention that Dutch is the most entertaining tree on Duo!

The tortoise is dating the turtle (questions like that). Team Dutch is amazing!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/--Charlotte--
--Charlotte--
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I adore Afrikaans! It's like a more hardcore version of Dutch. My favorite word has to be "hijsbakkie". :)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lahure
Lahure
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Hysbak - lift, elevator. The diminutive of most nouns is formed with the addition of 'ie'. Thus 'hysbakkie' implies a small lift. There are sayings in that language that describe a situation so succinctly. They have no English equivalent. If you Google HiNative (a site where language learners post questions and receive expert replies) you will find an Afrikaans option. A good starting point, perhaps?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lahure
Lahure
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My previous replies illustrate a question I have for you as a Mod. Have a look at how Duo varies my Dutch level between 24 and 25 on a random basis. Any idea?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/--Charlotte--
--Charlotte--
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This is not something I can look into. I am a Dutch-English/English-Dutch mod, and this is a technical issue. You need to address a global mod for that. Try Usagiboy7.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Lahure
Lahure
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Thank you! Am friends with him.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/R_J_King

Afrikaans has also absorbed a lot of words from other languages - eg Baaie (as in Baaie Dankie) is, I believe a Malay word.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Olga451165
Olga451165
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I read some basic stuff in Afrikaans and with some guessing I understood most of the words that I know in dutch .. so I'm guessing dutch natives can understand easily ..

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ictram
Ictram
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Reading Afrikaans is pretty easy for a Dutch speaker, I think Dutch people can understand about 90-95% even if they have never seen any Afrikaans before.

Understanding spoken Afrikaans may be a little bit more tricky though because of differences in accents and slang. But I have spoken with a few Afrikaners with me speaking Dutch and them Afrikaans and for the most part we could just easily understand each other.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SenorDustin
SenorDustin
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Afrikaans for Dutch speakers next? I wish!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PolyglotCiro
PolyglotCiro
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It's interesting!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/GertJansen

I am very proud of my language, Afrikaans. It is important that people understand that although Afrikaans had an element of Dutch, Russian, German and French was also part. Any person that doesn't just assume that, but understand some of these 3 languages would see the similarities. Hope we have Afrikaans here on Duolingo soon!

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Vincent3546

seeing as 90% of afrikaans has dutch roots, the other 10% are khoisan lone words, names and even aspects of grammar

1 year ago
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