When to use "deze" or "dit"
I am having trouble knowing when to use which one?
Alright, I'll try to give a short explanation. 'Deze' and 'die' are used with de woorden (both plural and singular nouns). 'Dit' and 'dat' are used with het woorden (so only singluar nouns).
- Dit/dat boek - This/that book
- Deze/die boeken - These/those books
- Deze/die computer - This/that computer
- Deze/die computers - These/those computers
Some sentences in Dutch start with 'het', like 'Het is een appel' (It is an apple); 'het' in this case does not mean 'the', but 'it'. If you want to change 'it' to 'that' for example, you always change 'het' to 'dat'. (The reason is simple, 'het' is always 'dit' or 'dat'). In this case it doesn't matter what kind of noun the sentence has, because 'het' translates to 'it' (or 'they' in plural) anyway.
- Het is een appel - It is an apple
- Dit/dat is een appel - This/that is an apple
- Het zijn appels - They are apples
- Dit/dat zijn appels - These/those are apples.
I know you asked the difference between dit and deze, but it's worth mentioning not to forget about dat/die. There are two different groups of demonstrative pronouns (the link grey236 shared is a good one!), and dat/die go with different nouns than dit/deze do.
As for the specific difference here, hugobokman explained it simply. :)
'The' can either be 'de' or 'het', yeah? De ends with an e, therefore the words that use de will always use deze, die, and welke. 'Het' ends with a t, so dit, dat and welk (not ending with a t, which confuses things) will be used. But when things become plural OR posessive, you will always use deze, die and welke with both de and het words.
Eg. De jongen=Die jongen ,Deze jongen (singular), Deze jongens(plural) ,welke jongen?
Het meisje= Dit meisje, Welk meisje? Deze meisjes
Let me know if this helps at all!
I see someone already helped, though it's also good to know that dit is always used on -je woorden
-Dit boompje This tree
-Dit kistje This chest
-Dit autootje This car
Hope this also helped!