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it would also be plural to say "ihr trinkt" (you (as in many people) are drinking). ich trinke - i drink du trinkst - you drink er / sie / es trinkt - he / she / it drinks wir trinken - we drink ihr trinkt - you drink sie trinken - they drink
and you can not say "the female drinks" because "female" is "weiblich" in german. "weiblich" is the attribute for being a woman.
In German, every noun has a gender (different from the gender of the object, if you're referring to a person), and you have to memorize which object takes what gender in the language, which will then tell you which article to use.
Neuter = das Feminine = die Masculine = der
Note: This is for the nominative case, so it will change when you learn the other cases later.