"Here is bread, and here is an apple."
Translation:Вот хлеб, а вот яблоко.
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It is just follows the pattern of using "А". The conjunction и is used when adding two or more items to form a list, or to connect similar things.
When it is a juxtaposition, use а:
- Он актёр, а я ме́дик = He is an actor and I am a medic.
- Он ест я́блоко, а я — абрико́с. = He is eating an apple, and I (am eating) an apricot.
- Я чита́ю, а он программи́рует. = I am reading and he is programming.
- Я ме́дик, а он нет. = I am a medic and he isn't.
Note how it does not make any sense to add "too" here in Engish : "I am an actor and he, too, is a medic" sounds confusing becase a medic is not an actor, thus the listener cannot quite get what you are going at.
Now, look at И:
- Я ем пи́ццу и га́мбургеры. = I am eating a pizza and hamburgers.
- Я до́ктор и мно́го зна́ю. = I am a doctor, and I know a lot.
- Росси́я, Герма́ния и Испа́ния — в Евро́пе. = Russia, Germany, and Spain are in Europe.
I think the confusion comes from "connecting similar things", since like in this task it's about bread and apples, which are "similar things"... Conversely, it was explained well elsewhere that basically 'а' always means there's a contrast and/or exclusivity, so "Он актёр, а я ме́дик" means "He's an actor, but I am a doctor" (stressing that the first man is not a doctor and also that only the second man is a doctor). Am I on the right track here?
I'm not an advocate of memorizing long lists of examples to learn a language... for me that is just an ineffective way to really understand the concept. But that's just me.
In the end nothing beats good advice from a native speaker (I'm assuming), so kudos to you.
I don't now for sure, but I think "вот" is used as a subject only, like, "Here is an apple." Whereas "здесь" is used in other places, like, "Someone is here." English does this with our pronouns, like I and me. "I" would be used as a subject and "me" would typically be used as a direct or indirect object, sometimes being in different possitions but never as a subject.