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  5. "Это Том."

"Это Том."

Translation:This is Tom.

November 3, 2015



Why don't they reach alphabets first?


Because they're russian right into it


Русский алфавит: А(звук ^) Б(звук b) В (звук v) Г (Звук g) Д (звук d) E (звук y) Ё (как быстрое yo) Ж (звук zh) З (звук z) И (ЗВУК i) Й (буква ,,и краткое" звук непередаваем : - )) К (звук ck) Л(звук l) М(звук m) Н(звук n, not h!) O - звук o П - звук р Р - звук r С - звук s Т - звук t У - звук u или y Ф - звук f Х - звук h Ц - непередаваемо Ч - ch Ш - sh Щ - shch Ъ - звука не обозначает,но стоит, например, в словах объявление, подъезд, чтобы сделать звук, твёрдым. Если ,,подъезд с ,,ъ", то читается ,,pod ezd", а если без него - ,,podezd" Ы - похоже на ,,и", но произносится с широкой улыбкой Ь - как ,,ъ", только смягчает Например: ель, пень, соль. Э - как е в слове hen Ю - йу Я - йа


Thank you! This helps us a lot

[deactivated user]


    that is a good question


    Ya i absolutely agree with your statement, russian not like japanese, in japanese they start with alphabet


    yeah but they start with hiragana, katakana AND Kanji, friking Kanji when you are just a begginer :(


    Yeah, same with Greek


    Yeah same with Greek


    If you go on the desktop site, before every lesson there are notes that explain to you the rules of what you're going to learn. The alphabet is there


    Yes i need it too


    l don t no what russian but pratise


    No, I actually like this method. You can make out the alphabets easily. Better than learning them.


    Shashwat, I think a combination of both would be most helpful, plus grammar/declination.

    I don't know what's your native tongue. Mine is German with near to zero knowledge of Russian language. Aside from the exceptions д э я н, I don't remember most letters well and sometimes I can't quite understand how each letter in a word is pronounced. But this app is better than nothing. :)


    Yes, I agree with you that a combination of both methods should be used: but in this case all the letters except Э are the same as the English alphabet.

    On a side note I had stopped learning Russian for about a year. Now that I have resumed, I do not use Duolingo since it does not give a sense of having done something. Instead I am using a textbook since it gives me a greater sense of accomplishment.


    Are you sure about the similarity to English? Almost all letters look very different due to cyrillic instead of latin alphabet, are often pronounced differently and some are even likely to be mixed up (e.g. russian "p" being equivalent English "r", Russian "B" like English "v"). Maybe it's easier for you because you speak Hindi?

    I also found some old Russian GDR-schoolbooks of my mom. I'll try to learn with them additionally. I think the hardest part is the fluid pronounciation at the end. When you listen to youtube tutorials by real Russians, pronounciation and intonation are often very different from the computer voices here (and more intimidatingly difficult). Anyway, good luck and progress to you!

    PS: What textbooks do you use?


    I think ShashwatSi4 was talking about lesson one and this sentence in particular.


    You're right, Shady_arc! I totally overlooked that. ;)


    And my native tongue in Hindi although I am bilingual in English.


    Cause they have similarities with greek and latin alphabet, But if a new unfamiliar letter appears you just have to play the audio


    How can you tell if it's ''that'' or ''Tom''. It was more of a lucky chance. Can someone explain?


    That = Тот or Тот

    Tom = Том or Том

    The letters are different.


    So then what is "that" still under the explanation for "Tom"?


    Well... "том" is also the prepositional case of "тот" (masculine) and "то" (neuter). It is almost impossible to mix them up, because the meaning is always clear from the context:

    Это Том (This is Tom)

    Том сидит на стуле (Tom is sitting on the chair)

    Ты сидишь на том стуле (You are sitting on that chair)

    Я думаю о том человеке (I think about that man)


    "Almost impossible to mix them up". You do realize that some of us might as well be using moon runes right now? This is the second excercise Duo gave me, I can't tell my щ from my Ж.


    Best advice I can personally give you is that 'Ш' sounds like the 'Sh' in 'Shoe'. Щ sounds like 'Sh' but with your teeth clenched. Comes from the glottal region I believe. Not a huge difference in my experience but that is the difference. As far as Ж goes, it's easy after a little bit. Жизни "Zheeyzniy" -- Щас "Schas." It's all about where it originates in your throat. I recommend using Yandex for the best machine translation possible. The enunciation is also spot on. Yandex is kind of the Google of Russia lol. Anyways I hope this helped!


    Ш - sh, Щ - shch (very quickly), Ж - sounds like the second sound in 'g' letter (without [d]). Sorry for mistakes, I'm Russian.


    Том сидит на том стуле и думает о том человеке=))


    Очень хорошо. Молодец!:)


    I'm guessing it's because it's upper case and therefore a proper noun, looks like context clues are important here for the distinction


    Ты сидишь на том стуле - You are sitting on that chair.

    Есть ещё слово "том" - книга, одна из сборника.

    Ты сидишь сидишь на том стуле с томом энциклопедии на руках у Тома в гостях :)


    С томом энциклопедии "В" руках.)


    С тем томом той энциклопедии)


    That-тот, этот, эта Том- it's name of a boy


    Okay I'm not easily tricked but this one is just annoying for beginners lol. It needs to be clear that they want you to type Tom and not Here's That. or "There is that.[over there]" Also, repost: э = if you plan on moscow dialect, just remember this sound like "Ea" like in "Sea" or the beginning of "AIrplane." О is very often unstressed unless it's a short word like том i've found. Easy example, хорошо = haraSHO, not ho-ro-sho. :P


    Э sounds plain E, as in "End". е is "ye". и is "i", as in "In". ы is the sound "ı" in Turkish. I cant think of any English examples of that sound but if you google translate "ı" in Turkish you can hear it --example words for the sound: kırmızı (red), ırak (Iraq or far; has 2 meanings).


    Someone explained bl as the sound between b and l in table. It's also just like Romanian â/î


    think the i in lived (its actually a different vowel but theyre really close so it doesn't matter)


    Hi I just started learning Russian but Im still stuck understanding the alphabet. If anybody could post a link that clearly states each letter and its purpose then that would be very helpful. Thanks.


    Аа - a

    Бб - b, lowercase cursive is sometimes δ

    Вв - v, see greek beta which also became a v and is now called "vita"

    Гг - g, lowercase cursive is a reversed s (starts left, ends right)

    Дд - d, this oddity is written Dd or Dg in cursive, dont even ask me how this came to be (actually this is just a weirdly written delta Δ)

    Ее - ye/'e (apostrophe means the previous consonant is soft)

    Ёё - yo/'o (usually written Ее)

    Жж - this sound doesnt appear in english, but its a sh-type sound, except with z, so zh.

    Зз - z (before i as in greek zita)

    Ии - i, written like u in cursive (the pointy thing at the end is also written in the capital, because its not a U, its a u), looks like a hastily written eta (also pronounced i in modern greek) because thats exactly what it is

    Йй - y (corresponds to j in latin alphabet, written like и in cursive but with the breve)

    Кк - k, see greek kappa

    Лл - something in between l and w, more l-ish when soft, more w-ish when hard, sometimes written like ^ especially in cursive (or capital lambda Λ, its almost as if this part of cyrillic was just mistaken greek)

    Мм - m (written м, not m in cursive)

    Нн - n

    Оо - o (a before accented syllable, o when accented, a-ish sound after accent)

    Пп - p (see greek pi)

    Рр - r (see greek rho)

    Сс - s

    Тт - t (written m in cursive for some reason, the difference is that м starts at the bottom and is more pointy and m sometimes gets a dash over it)

    Уу - u (closest to english oo, see capital upsilon in greek)

    Фф - f (greek phi)

    Хх - h (but more throaty, greek chi)

    now cyril ran out of greek letters so he had to get inventive

    Цц - ts

    Чч - ch

    Шш - sh (slightly harder)

    Щщ - shch (yes, this abomination is a letter)

    ъ - this is a mute letter, makes previous consonand hard in spite of the following iotated vowel (е, ё, ю, я)

    ы - this isnt exactly it, but think i in lived

    ь - makes preceding consinant soft

    note that these three dont have capitals, because they never appear at the beginning of a word and theyre special (they actually do for all-caps Ъ, Ы, Ь but in theory they don't)

    Ээ - "e oborotnoye" reversed e, hard e

    Юю - dont let the o shape fool ya, it's a yu/'u

    Яя - ya/'a

    [deactivated user]

      I don't understand why это is prenounced as eta, when the guides to russian keyboards show that the это should be prenounced as eto.

      э [eh] т [t] о [o]

      As the letter а [a] exists, why is this not used?


      There is no difference in pronunciation between unstressed "о" and "а". But we cannot use the letter "а", because "эта" and "это" are different words.


      How does one knows when the letter is stressed or unstressed?


      You can't know it until someone tells you that you're pronouncing it wrong - Russian prof.


      Depends on its position in the word.


      why is it "это" which is neutral and "том" is masc? shouldn't it be "этот"?


      Это used as a standalone pronoun has no need or obligation to agree to whatever you equate it to.

      If you had "this Tom" it would be a different story.

      English prefers to keep the agreement:

      • This is my sister. = Это моя сестра
      • These are boots. = Это сапоги.


      im mexican i know 100% english and 100% spanish but i wanna learn russian as fast as possible because im trying to work in a airport.. can anyone tell me some techniques or sometthing so i can learn fast i will appreciated.. thanks


      A lot of practice. ;) I'm sorry to say, but you will not be able to learn an entire language in a couple of months. (Or in less time that that of course). If you want to work at an airport, fluency in two languages is more than enough to get you hired. :)


      Aaaah i forgot it was in english and write it in portuguese >.<


      why wont ''is this tom'' be accepted.


      The given sentence is a statement and not a question. If it were a question there would have been a question mark.


      How are we going to learn a language with no idea about what letters are used and what numbers are used as an alphabet?!


      At this point in the lesson you should be familiar with the letters used most at this point. It is also up to you to learn more outside of using the app.


      I finished my first lesson in Russian perfectly.. I'm so proud of myself omg


      Would you ever use an em-dash between "Это" and "Том"?


      Why not? The tips and notes say "An em-dash is used instead of "to be" between two nouns «МОККА — КОФЕ» ("A mocha is a coffee")".


      'Это' - не существительное, а местоимение. После него тире не ставится


      Why это says "etA" and том says "tOm"? "о" is "A" or "O"


      where is the verb in here????


      Is it Tom russian word?


      damn it, I always hear дом instead of Tom..


      Going on talking about pronunciation, the best tip for Ж sound is that it's like the first sound in the word "genre"


      Just to clarify, is the, for lack of a better word, backwards "E" still pronounced like an "e," or is there a deviation from the English pronunciation on that? I'm having a hard time differentiating listening to the examples.


      Э is pronounced from [ɛ] to [e] (or [ɨ̞] / [ɪ] if it is unstressed), which is about the same as "e" in "set".

      A word-initial stressed Е is similar to "ye" in "yes"(same after a vowel). After a consonant, it is similar to [e] in "late"[leɪt], and the preceding consonant gets palatalised. Е is [ɪ] when unstressed.

      Е is pronounced the same as э after ш, ж, ц (e.g., шесть, цена) and in numerous loanwords (менеджер, кафе,тест).


      how can you change the russian part to actual russian letters?


      There is a button in the upper left hand corner when doing a lesson. It shows Aa when set to the Latin alphabet and Яя when set to use the Cyrillic alphabet. In order to type in Russian yourself, you'll need to install a Russian keyboard which you can do in the settings for your computer.


      I'm stepping through the door

      And I'm floating in a most peculiar way

      And the stars look very different today


      Why should we use "This" in the above sentence when we refer about male gender, we are not mentioning about a thing here to use This - instead of This cant we use HE ?


      this is tom, but russian hates the word be so they just say this tom


      Why is the "o" pronounced differently in botch word? How do we know how to pronunciate it?


      Anyone have "this is tom" but the only answer avalible is "tim"


      No, this is Patrick.


      Por que no hay teclado en ruso


      how do i change my keyboard into the russians do i go to settings then im not sure whre to go?


      Lol for me that Tom sounds like дом instead of том


      You may have to get used to the way t/d are different in Russian. In some languages, for instance, in English T, P, K are aspirated at the beginning of the word.

      In Russian, they are not. Voicing is the only difference. On the other hand, Д is voiced rather strongly. I hope telling which is which will become easier in a few days.


      Озвучка здесь супер

      [deactivated user]

        The app select the wrong language on this question


        Why does duo uses names of Tim, Tom, Jenny and Dima? Are they developers of this app or what?


        This skips any teaching and gives words that havent been taught yet and expect me to know it in a sentence ?


        My fursonas name is Tom


        If you want translate then how is correct answer this is tom


        Hello, I'm French, and I don't understand the russian prononciation. Can someone help me ? Merci beaucoup ! Thanks !


        l don t no what russian


        Why does the audio have to be so horrible? I can't understand a thing from listening, and I can much less speak it (even though I am a beginner).


        It sounds like это дом


        I head d intesd of t and confused it with home.


        I understood and wrote "это дом". And it was accepted. But it was translated as "This is Tom".


        This was an unusual question because I was just shown a picture of women and learned the word "mama," and shown a picture of a home/house, and learned the word "dom."

        Then I'm asked what "Eto Tom" is.

        So, it looked like a trick question to get me to incorrectly choose "Dom" for "It's a home"--but I guessed (correctly) that the question was not related to the two things I'd just learned.

        I mean, why would I be asked questions about what I just learned?

        But, since "tom" in the Russian language means "there," I typed my answer as "It's there."

        And of course, I was wrong because we were magically now asking about a person's name.

        THAT is very bad instruction and testing.


        Том (Tom) ≠ там (there). They use similar words to teach us the fine differences in written and spoken word. So you've actually been asked about what you've just learned, just a little more subtle while introducing a new word that sounds very similar. Yes, it's a lot of guessing by exclusion. This is how you learn new words on Duolingo. I honestly think duolingo will not be enough to really learn Russian besides a few words and phrases. But it's still better than to waste the time elsewhere on the internet. ;)


        "they" use similar words because most words are similar if you only use a handful of letters. О, М, К, Т, А are easiest for native speakers of English, so we start with those.


        Thanks for the explanation. To learn the difference between similarly spoken or written words is a helpful side effect then. :)


        Não poderia ser:This is the Tom


        I'm being suggested "(?) is this" as well as "this is". It's not clear which one it ought to be for complete beginners. Not only that but "(?) is this" is the first suggestion given.


        If it was a question, it would have a question mark:

        это Том? vs это Том.


        I'm not saying I don't see that. I'm not utterly confused, I'm nitpicking the overall design of the lesson


        Then I don't really understand the complaint. If it was a question, it'd need a question mark. I don't know what the problem is with figuring out that bit of logic for oneself.


        It's the absolute first lesson, and the primary suggestion given is "(?) is this" in the form of a question. I just find that odd, that the first suggestion given isn't actually correct.


        I am not sure, but I believe there's no control over what order the sentences come in in any given lesson. For one person это Том? might come first and for another это Том.

        In my experience the hints are hit and miss, possibly more so with Russian where there's so much declension and meanings can change dramatically. Occasionally it's frustrating, but I tend to assume it comes with the territory.

        Not all of the hints are 100% accurate, but since Duolingo is supposed to be learning by doing/learning from mistakes, I don't see it as that big an issue. In this case, there are other clues (question mark or lack thereof), and the hint is there, even if it's in a less than optimal position.

        I know when I started doing German here, I had no idea tips and notes were even available, so I pretty much had to just jump in and hope for the best. I don't know, I just don't think it's that huge a deal, but maybe that's just me.


        Here's just my own personal take on it, but maybe "this is" should be the primary suggestion, and should be interchangeable, just like это, if that isn't already the case.

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