some indo-european languages have had some kind of things like that. today all languages only have a singular and a plural, but ancient greek for example had in some cases remnants of the so called dual, signifying that the number is 2. i think the way more efficient form is just saying the number before the word, instead of having new endings for every case for every singular, plural, dual, trial etc
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I am not sure about that. Это is neuter gender, but only in Nominative and Acusative. Эта and Этой are both feminine gender, but for different cases. Here is what i found here http://www.russianlessons.net/grammar/pronouns.php
Here is table: masc. fem. neut. plur. Nominative Этот Эта Это Эти Accusative Этот Эту Это Эти Этого Этих Genitive Этого Этой Этого Этих Dative Этому Этой Этому Этим Instrumental Этим Этой Этим Этими Prepositional Этом Этой Этом Этих
My question is the same is first post. Why is это used for every gender?
Edit: And thanks for answer Pips_23
For almost every consonant letter Russian has two sounds: a hard consonant and a soft consonant. It depends on the vowel next to the consonant:
а о у э ы - indicate that the preceding consonant is hard.
я ё ю е и and ь - indicate that the preceding consonant is soft.
That's why the "К" in the sentence is soft.
"В" for me as native speaker sounds "V", as it should be, you don't have to pronounce "L" here.