It seems like a lot of words are omitted in Russian, such as "My dad [is] there". Is this just meant to be understood on context or does the word там understood to include the verb? If so, how do they differentiate between, for instance, "is there" and "was there"?
This may get obvious as I continue but I just wanted to double check.
I think you mean contraction. Like the above comment says, you do not use a verb for "to be" when speaking present tense. Also, there are no articles in Russian. Either must be determined through context of the sentence. I think it is odd the way they introduce this here and something more simple like "Я студент" might be easier to understand, which means "I am a student". While Я means "I", in present tense it should be understand as "I am". Once again, this isn't a shorthand way to express being as there is only a lack of the verb "to be" in present tense Russian.
This :-) Voiced consonants at the end of the word become voiceless (eg. д - т, ж - ш, г - к); and there is a fenomenon of "assimilation", where if two consonants are together, if the second one is voiced, both will be (so in баскетбол, the тб promotes to дб), and the opposite occurs too (eg. бт would be pronounced пт)
It'd change the meaning but considering that you're a foreigner people would still understand what you want to say. There's a difference, though. "Мой" means "my" when the noun is singular. "Мои" means "my" when the noun is plural. So, for instance, if you want to say "my apples" you'd say it this way "мои яблоки", and if you want to say "my chair" you'd say "мой стул". "Мой" is male, while there are female (моя) and neutral (моё) versions of this pronoun. So yeah, there's a difference.
JesusCrist, Thank you! I went annoyed crazy for not knowing why the app only acceps мой in a few places and the other places only моя is the correct, and I tried to see the pattern but the app never explains anyting and I SUPPOSE to learn the alphabet yet and not complex sentences XF The lack of explains makes the learning so slow not to mention I learning alphabet by learning sentences while I don't even understand the alphabet... uhh
What are the grammatical rules for word tense? Are there lists of words which have been conjugated within this application? If so, how do I access them?
BTW, any assistance is appreciated as I learn this fascinating language. I started out wanting to read Knitting patterns (not much progress there) and am enjoying the broader use for a 2nd language.
Regarding tense, Russian only has three: past, present, and future. But the subtlies of English tense and time are expressed through other words in the sentence and through something called "verbal aspect." There is more on that in the link I posted on your earlier post. As for lists of conjugated verbs, you are best off learning the three main patterns, but that link has hundreds of verbs for you to look at as well.
"Father" is generally best translated as the slightly more formal отец, but both should be accepted here.
Да, мой папа здесь. Im not russian but thats how it would be said .. здесь means "here". там which is used in most the beginning lessons is "there". So if its saying yes, my dad is here, then its what i wrote above .. if its asking to translate yes, my dad is there, then its да, мой папа там.
1) because там mean there and 2) i have the same problem, i put "father" and duo said i was wrong. Maybe because in sentence was папа, which is informal, and отец is in fact "father". This is my conclusion, i didn't find a proper answer here, smth else than debatable things about slang and other smart polyglot asses