OK I'll answer you, but there has to be some reciprocity.
Metro (from my brief interactions with it) by itself seems to refer to the actual transit system. Metro station would refer to the station.
Pretty much all of the below are the same - if you're referring to the station or stop you would use "station" or "stop" in conjunction wth the name of the transit system.
Subway is universally used in New York to refer to the rail system that blankets the city (but not the commuter rails that service the outlying suburbs or other states - those are called by abreviations of their names: for instance LIRR (Long Island Rail Road) or PATH (Port Authority Trans Hudson). Subway is used even when sections of the tracks and the stations are above ground.
"The El" is used in Chicago to refer to the same type of rail system. I'm not going to bother to research but I think I can safely guess it's short for "the elevated train".
In the San Francisco Bay Area there are two main systems. The local SF-only system is referred to as "Muni" (this can refer to trolleys, trams and buses). For the separate, broader system that covers more than SF, they use the LIRR-style above and just call it "BART" (never "the BART") which is the Bay Area Rapid Transit system.
Edit: Forgot, there is also CalTrain which provides service across the Bay Area (like from south bay to the city)
Reciprocity time: What the heck is a "sandwich bar"?? And what do you call BART, Muni, The El, the subway, etc in Australia?
wow, so i have honestly never heard of any of those american words, thankyou for clearing that up. So sandwich bar is a fancy word but its the only way to explain it. Does America have subway where they get sandwiches???? and we call transport as it is. It is either train, bus or car. we don't really call them anything else
A subway is a sandwich made on a long section of bread. If you cut 6 inches (or more) off a French baguette, then sliced it horizontally to make two pieces - top and bottom - and filled it with sliced cheese, sliced meat, chopped lettuce, any combination of sandwich ingredients, you would have a "subway[sandwich]". There is a line of shops called Subway which sells various variations on the theme - what kind of bread, which fillings, which condiments, which extras (sliced tomato, pickles,onion, olives, peppers..) This kind of sandwich has many names - subway, hoagie, po' boy...
So sandwich bar is a fancy word but its the only way to explain it. Does America have subway where they get sandwiches????
We do! But I think I ran up against something similar to your question about metro and metro station. I wasn't sure if, when you referred to "sandwich bar" if you meant a type of sandwich or a type of (for lack of a better word) restaurant.
I think I get it - when you say "sandwich bar" you're referring to a kind of place where you can pick and choose what goes on your sandwich, yeah? Like a salad bar, but on bread. Like Subway.
did you just call us a novelty?????
Compared to our accent. This also answers my question on how "cool" american accents sound down there. (Not cool :( )
and about our lethal things, our animals may be very lethal, but our people are super awesome
Honestly? I think there's an inverse correlation there (the more hostile the environment the more generous/hospitable/open/adventurous the people)
You're right, your people are fantastic.
(Your animals are still a confusing mix of adorable and instant death. This you can't deny.)
plus we sound cooler
Here, but only because you're a novelty. Wait, are you saying we don't sound cool down there? Aw man.
except we have some things much much better
Obligatory: and some much, much more lethal.
Honestly: Yes, you do. One day I'll get down there.
(We do have cool stuff here, too)
i can understand, but i also do not. we completely forget our animals, insects and reptiles are dangerous. i used to have snakes going through my schools, we have 'dangerous' spiders everywhere, yet we are not scared and honestly do not care. ofcourse i am speaking for my area, i do admit that a whole lot of people are boring and stay inside.
Good on you for talking about Chicago, where I'm from! :) Well, we call the entire train system the L. Or "El," I guess. And yep, it's short for "elevated train"--although not all of it is elevated. For instance, the Red Line is underground. But you still call the whole train system the L, unless you're talking about the other train system we have, the "Metra." The Metra train system is "Metra." The L is the L.
Also...sandwich bar? This is the first time I've heard that term used for places like Subway (or Jimmy John's, or Potbelly's, or Quiznos, etc). Aside from calling them by their names, I guess we just refer to them as fast food places or restaurants? Or we call them "sandwich shops." Same difference, right? :)
As I understand it, "e" in russian is pronounced "ye", so why does she say "metro" and not "myetro"? Am I wrong or...?
You can use an onscreen keyboard to either type with or just to see where the letters are when you type. In windows 10, if you've added the Russian keyboard layout (tutorial is somewhere in the discussion forum) you can go to settings...ease of access... and then toggle the onscreen keyboard. Can't say for another version of windows but I'm sure it is available somewhere.
Honestly, with the switching back and forth between keyboards, I think doing these lessons would be easier on a smartphone. Edit: I take that back the windows key+space shortcut to switch keyboards in windows might be easier.
I am using the on-screen keyboard as you say, I followed the instructions from the link on the Duolingo exercises and it eventually led to that. But I'm sure there must be an easier way. Of course we need Russian Cyrillic installed as an input method, but why can't there be some software in the webpage that switches you between English Latin and Russian Cyrillic in the text entry field? I'm sure it's doable.
It is actually very simple in Windows 10: first instal the Cyrillic alphabet on your computer if you don't already have it,. Do this via "control panel" > "clock, language and region" > "add language" then select your language from the (huge!) list and wait a minute for it to instal. After that to toggle between alphabets go to the place just next to the time & date display in the bottom right corner of your screen where it says ENG (assuming you have been typing in English) and you can toggle there to "PYC" which is of course the first syllable of "PYCCKИЙ - i.e. Russian. The only real problem with this is getting used to where all the Russian letters are on the keyboard - it makes for very slow typing!
... I don't know what to suggest. Is it possible you're conflating it with ы? It doesn't sound much like the e in this word but more like it than ю.
It may sound kind of a weird suggestion, but try writing English in Cyrillic letters. ю is the obvious solution for writing "you", and if you can get this link in your head, you may be less likely to make this mistake.
Also, I do think there's considerable value in actually handwriting Cyrillic. Call me old fashioned, but in my experience, nothing gets an alphabet in your brain like actually physically writing it. Typing ain't the same.
Honestly, my best suggestion is just to jump in and try. Find a textbook that has handwritten versions of the letters for you to copy, start with the easy ones, learn to write your names, the names of pets, significant others, childhood crushes, your country, your town, etc etc.
Write English ин Рушан леттерс, copy sentences from books or the course here or similar, just do it a lot.
Cyrillic is a lot easier than most foreign alphabets and writing systems I've tried, Your Cyrillic may not be perfect, but the best way to learn is just to get on and do it, honestly.
The writing systems I've retained the most of are those I've used the most and those I've written by hand the most, it's that simple (My best: Hebrew and Russian).
The ones I skimmed over or never really sat down and used for whatever reason are the ones I haven't retained (My worst: Arabic (got confused by the similar but not the same sounds, got discouraged, stopped writing in it) and Japanese kana (evening class during my last year of uni, and while I did learn to read them, I never really practised outside of class because I was too busy doing work that counted towards my degree, and now I confidently remember about three, and only two of them would I realistically be able to write semi-accurately).
>Also, I do think there's considerable value in actually handwriting Cyrillic. Call me old fashioned, but in my experience, nothing gets an alphabet in your brain like actually physically writing it. Typing ain't the same.
I get what you're saying and you're absolutely right that handwriting activates different parts of your brain than typing does...
But there are only so many alphabets (wait so I just figured out the и but now suddenly it looks like a "u"?? And who thought to make a "t-shaped" letter look like a slightly different "m"??) one can learn simultaneously.
I have books, complete with slanted lines to teach me cursive Russian. I will definitely use them someday but there are so many moving parts to Russian, especially when you're first starting out, there's only so much you can focus on.
I'm learning you have to pick your battles when learning Russian :)
To Anawfullon (not sure what your native language is and don't know if this will help or not). Е (or е) is pronounced more with the corners of the mouth pulled back more towards the ears, ю is pronounced more with the lips pushed forward.
Leave your tongue the the same position and just change your lips and you should hear the difference.
Many pronunciations in Russian depend on stress and the letters around them (and the spelling rules) and probably things I don't even know about yet.
As for the letters themselves (Not sure if you're coming from English, I am)
е = ye (like yes - kind of) и = long ee (like keep - kind of)
Really if you want to hear more or have a question about a word, your best bet is to enter the word into forvo.
I have that site as one of my home tabs.